1. Auschwitz Concentration Camp, Nazi Germany

The Auschwitz concentration camp complex was the largest of its kind established by the Nazi regime. It included three main camps. All three camps used prisoners for forced labor. Most prisoners sent to Auschwitz were selected for death. Usually, they put all children, most women, all elderly people, people who looked sick, and people who looked like they could not work in this group. The Jews were gassed and killed with poison gas. They used a form of hydrogen cyanide, a type of poison gas; Zyklon B called a blood agent. At least 1.1 million people were killed.

  1. Unit 731, Pingfang District, China

It was a covert biological and chemical warfare research and development unit of the Imperial Japanese Army that undertook lethal human experimentation during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945). Thousands of men, women and children interned at prisoner of war camps were subjected to vivisection, often without anaesthesia and usually ending with the death of the victim. Prisoners were injected with diseases, disguised as vaccinations, to study their effects. Frostbite tests – conducted experiments by taking captives outside, dipping various appendages into water, and allowing the limb to freeze. Forced sex acts between infected and non-infected prisoners to transmit the disease.

  1. Hoeryong Concentration Camp, North Korea

The camp is a maximum security area, completely isolated from the outside world. Prisoners and their families are held in lifelong detention. Extreme human rights violations including routine torture, forced labor and human medical experiments have been attested to by defectors previously employed at the camp. The prisoners tortured in any ways such as Water torture, Hanging torture, Box-room torture, Kneeling torture, Pigeon torture.

  1. S-21 Prison, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

The site is a former high school which was used as the notorious Security Prison 21 (S-21) by the Khmer Rouge regime from its rise to power in 1975. Prisoners were routinely beaten and tortured with electric shocks, torturing, interrogating, and depriving those who were accused of illegal activities and accused of being traitors. They were sometimes forced to eat human faeces and drink human urine. Blood was pumped out of their body to see how long they could survive.

 

  1. Solovki Prison Camp, Solovetsky Islands

One of the first “forced labor camps”, It was established as a place where criminals and people who opposed the ideology of the new Soviet state were to be rehabilitated and could “redeem” themselves through hard labor. This prison camp was called the ‘mother of the GULAG’. Guards could torture and cripple a man or kill them by throwing them down a long stairway. The steps are the site of one of the cruelest punishments, “Torturers’ Stair,” – prisoners would be tied to a log and then pushed down the stairs.

  1. Poison Laboratory of The Soviet Secret Services, Russia

It was a secret research and development facility of the Soviet secret police agencies. They tested number of deadly poisons on prisoners including mustard gas, ricin, digitoxin, curare, cyanide, and many others. The poisons would be put into their food, injected, and ingested in the form of a powder or liquid. The goal of the experiments was to find a tasteless, odourless chemical that could not be detected post-mortem.

  1. Guantanamo Bay, USA

It is US military prison where inmates have been detained indefinitely without trial and several inmates were severely tortured, this camp is considered as a major breach of human rights by Amnesty International. Former President Barack Obama, promised that he would close it, but met strong bipartisan opposition.

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  1. Carandiru Prison, Brazil

It was South America’s largest penitentiary, housing over 8,000 inmates. Conditions inside the walls were truly horrific – gags ruled every inch of the prison blocks, malnutrition was commonplace, diseases and injuries were treated by minimal medical staff almost always without the use of any painkillers (chief medical director was too scared to enter the prison for years, fearing for his life and health), and majority of inmates was suffering from HIV and other types of easily transmissible diseases. It became place of a prison riot that ended with the death of 111 prisoners (102 shot by the police; 9 killed by other inmates), is considered a major human rights violation in the history of Brazil.

  1. Tadmor Military Prison, Syria

Tadmor prison was known for harsh conditions, extensive human rights abuse, degrading treatment,torture and summary executions. In 1980, Tadmor was the site of a massacre as a reaction of the assassination attempt on President Hafiz al-Asad .

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  1. Black Dolphin Prison, Russia

Black Dolphin, This high security prison on the Kazakhstan border for a lifetime of hard labor. The prison houses approximately 700 of the most serious criminals in Russia. It holds child molestors, murderers, terrorists, cannibals, serial killers. Combined, the inmates have killed about 3,500 people. That’s an average of five murders per inmate. Inmates are kept under 24-hour video surveillance, overkill security all the time, blindfolded when they walk outside.

  1. National Stadium of Chile, Chile

It is the largest stadium in Chile with an official capacity of 48,665. It was notoriously used as a prison camp and torture facility by the military regime. According to the testimonies of survivors collected by the humanitarian group, detainees were blindfolded, threatened with death by shooting and tortured including being thrown against the concrete walls beneath the stands, at times headfirst also subjected to “massive amounts of electricity” over entire body and burned with cigarettes.

  1. Camp Sumter, USA

It was overcrowded to four times its capacity, with an inadequate water supply, inadequate food rations, and unsanitary conditions. Of the approximately 45,000 Union prisoners held at Camp Sumter during the war, nearly 13,000 died. The chief causes of death were scurvy, diarrhoea, and dysentery due to polluted water and lack of food. They were buried in mass graves.


Anusha Shetty

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