The Kurukshetra War, also called the Mahabharata War, is a war described in the Indian epic Mahabharatha. The conflict arose from a dynastic succession struggle between two groups of cousins, the Kauravas and Pandavas, for the throne of Hastinapuram, an Indian kingdom called Kuru. It involved a number of ancient kingdoms participating as allies of the rival groups. The location of the battle is described as having occurred in Kurukshethra in the modern state of Haryana.
If one reads Mahabharata, he will get answers to all the questions in his life. It is one of the great epics of Indian history and the longest epic in the world with 100000 shlokas divided into 18 Parvas. It narrates the story of the Kuru Clan thereby including each and every aspect of human race and their behaviour in various situations.
Mahabharatha is very unique as it spreads lights on science, romance, medicine, space travel, warfare, weapons, morals, laws, politics and many more.
But what has remained a mystery is that the exact date of when Mahabharatha War happened. There are various predictions on the date by various experts.
- Ramesh Panchwagh using Planetarium Software predicts the date as 3126 BC
Ramesh Panchwagh took about 2 years of continuous study of the original critical Sanskrit Mahabharata (published by the Bhandarkar Oriental Studies Institute in Pune after 60 years of research).
He used 4-5 different computer programs to compare the accuracy before finalizing on the latest Cyber Sky Planetarium program based on JPL (Jet Propulsion Laboratory) ephemeris 404, with an accuracy of ½ to 1 arc seconds for the periods 3000 BCE and older, and the Delta T value of less than 23 hours.
He finally concluded that Mahabharatha occurred on 3126 BC because it was the year which met all the eclipses criteria.
- Prof Narhari Achar’s study says the year was 3067 BC
Prof Narhari Achar thoroughly analysed nearly 200 publications of various authors and even various vedic texts.
He concluded that Astronomical references in the Epic are very consistent. The word ‘graha’ refers mostly to comets, this is especially clear by the description of ‘hairy graha’ some of which extend over three nakshatras in the sky. There is no inconsistency in planetary positions. The references to planetary positions, which are common to both udyoga and Bhishma parvans lead to a unique date for the war. Date based on data from within the Epic Date of the Mahabharata War 3067 BCE. This date should form the basis of chronology of Bharat.
So he says that Mahabharatha War happened in 3067BC. He is a professor in Dept of Physics, University of Memphis.
- Date of Mahabharata War as per P V Holey – 3143 BC
Several researchers had had gathered in an event titled “Date of Kurukshethra War based on astronomical data” in 2003 in Bangalore. One of the researchers, P V Holey said that the date of Mahabharatha war is 3143 BC. He made his analysis after critical study on planetary positions which were mentioned on various vedic texts and details given in Bhagwad Gita.
- Date of Mahabharata War as per Prof Raja is 3067 BC
Prof Raja who was a participant in the Vidur Ashrama Seminar presented his research on the date of occurrence of Mahabharatha war. His research was based on the position of stars and the sun.
Finally, Prof Raja said that Mahabharatha War took place in the year 3067 BC.
- Date of Mahabharata War as per Dr Mohan Gupta – 1952 BC
Dr Mohan Gupta was another researcher who presented his views on the date on Mahabharatha in the event “Date of Kurukshetra War based on astronomical data”.
He said that the date of Mahabharatha War took place in the year 1952 BC.
- Date of Mahabharata War as per Prof R N Iyengar – 1478 BC
Prof R N Iyengar of IISC also took part in the event “Date of Kurukshetra War based on astronomical data”.
Based on all possible double eclipses between 3000 BC to 500 BC he said that the War happened in 1478 BC
- Date of Mahabharata War as per Lodestar Pro Software – 2559 BC
Dr S Balakrishna of NASA after a lot of study said that the War might have taken place in any one of the following dates-3129 BC, 2559 BC, 2056 BC, 1853 BC, 1708 BC and 1397 BC.
The aim of his work was to analyze the unique statement that, Mahabharata war took place when an ominous pair of eclipses occurred in ‘Thirteen days’. Initially, Mahabharata texts, contemporarily accepted as most authentic were reviewed and relevant data about Mahabharata and astronomical planetary observations have been presented.
Dr Balakrishna concludes that such eclipse pairs have occurred and observers could easily identify the duration using sunset/sunrise transitions. 3129 BCJ and 2559 BCJ dates appear to be very viable dates for Mahabharata war as are a few others. This study provides modern scientific support one critical astronomical statement made in Mahabharata Bhishma Parva that ‘Thirteen day’ eclipse pair occurred in Kurukshethra before the Mahabharata war.
Mahabharata is the main pillar of present day Hinduism. So knowing the date of Mahabharatha War is very essential. By looking at these above predictions we can conclude that the Mahabharata War happened somewhere around 3000 BC.