What made Subash Chandra Bose resign from the Congress party?

Pooja Bhatia

Subhash Chandra Bose is a public figure, who dared and stood against Gandhi’s ideologies of non-violence wisdom. He was a man, who strived equally for the freedom of India from the British rule. Only his approach was different. He did not believe in peaceful protests for freedom; rather, he believed in fighting smart and hard for the nation’s freedom. Since he was not a Gandhi follower, as evident by his approach, he was not a favorite among the Congress party members.

In 1939, Bose was a part of the Indian National congress, the principal political party at that time in India. His popularity was so huge that he won the party elections-for the presidential post in 1939. Gandhi had wanted to nominate his blue-eyed boy, Pt. Nehru, as his candidate for Congress president elections. However, according to sources, Nehru was on a long holiday in Europe at that time. He declined Gandhi’s invitation, and instead, nominated Maulana Azad. Azad too withdrew his name, and it was, Dr. Pattabhi Sitaramayya who finally stood in opposition to Bose.

What transpired after that was unpleasant. This defeat was taken as a personal blow- by Gandhi.

He said ” … I am glad of his (Subhash’s) victory….and since I was instrumental in inducing Dr. Pattabhi not to withdraw his name after Maulana Azad Sahib done so, the defeat is more mine than his….”. Gandhi said that Bose was president in his own right. He should form his own working committee and run the congress. Gandhi said that “…after all Subhash Babu is not the enemy of our country…he has suffered for it”. In His opinion, his is the most forward and boldest policy and program….the minority can only wish him all the best”.

(Source: gktoday)

This statement can be read as Gandhi’s attack on Bose. It was only after Bose rose to this level, that Gandhi hatched a plot to destroy him. It was simple logic; Bose stood in clear opposition to Gandhi’s ideologies. It was a careful plot planned by Gandhi, and not a random decision. He did not remove Bose from his acquired throne (as president). It would have been a blatant decision then.

Gandhi carefully plotted his moves against Bose. Congress working committee had many Gandhi followers. So, naturally, even though Bose was now the President; he had much little power to exercise, as he was not allowed to rule the party.

The final blow to Bose came in March 1939, when there was an annual party meeting planned. Bose fell ill, and could not attend the meeting. He sent a telegram to Patel, to postpone the meeting to the next annual session. At the same time, Bose also sent a telegram to Gandhi, requesting him to nominate the working committee at his wish.  However, Gandhi did not act, or nominate any person. Congressmen were upset over dictator style leadership of Bose.

They presumed that Bose did not want working committee to function at all, in his absence. Demanding an apology from Bose, Patel and 11 members of the working committee resigned. But Bose refused.

In this session, when Subhash was brought to the dais on stretcher, one of the congressmen fanned “Why don’t you check whether he has any onions under his armpits” (Onions when kept under armpits raise the temperature of the body). Such was the disastrous division between Subhash and Gandhi & his followers. Next Month, Subhash resigned from Congress and now he was on an entirely different path. The place was filled by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, as confirmed by gktoday.

When Nehru spied on Bose

The ideological animosity between Gandhi and Bose, soon took the shape of political rivalry between Nehru and Bose too. Many people have acknowledged the fact, that Bose was a clear threat to Nehru’s prime minitsership. Dr. Subramanian Swamy had earlier tweeted that Gandhi and Nehru saw Bose as a threat to their positions, so isolated Netaji. That is character of modern Indians– self interest is uppermost.

There is another controversy surrounding the Nehru-Bose political spat. It is believed that Nehru and his party allies have been sabotaging personal communication between Netaji’s family members. It was in 2015, when the classified files on Bose were leaked. So upset was Netaji’s family, that PM Modi had to step into meet Anita Bose personally in Germany.

The declassified information made public highlighted how Intelligence Bureau, under direct supervision of the Congress government, from 1948 to 1968, spied on Bose. They were tracking the personal activities of Netaji’s relatives, and even intercepting the letters they wrote to each other. The government sleuths were particularly interested in Netaji’s nephews, sons of his brother Sarat Chandra Bose who were believed to be close to Netaji.

We all know about the sudden mysterious disappearance of Netaji. Was it an accident or a political sabotage, we still don’t know. He stood for the freedom of India, in a more unconventional way. He is believed to have partnered with international hosts (like Nazis), to disembark the British rulers from India. Nazis and India has a common enemy-the Britishers.