Have we ever wondered why is there curved, oval, iconic representation of Shiva Lingam placed on a globular base? There are many theories which emerged explaining the reason for this, however as the days passed, th real scientific reason behind this was forgotten which were penned down by ancient Hindu sages. The practice of worshipping Shiva has existed from time immemorial.
The worship of lord Shiva was not followed in India and Sri Lanka, but was also followed Romans and the shiva Linga was referred to as Prayapas, they were the first to introduce the worship of Shiva Lingam to European countries. The archaeological findings show the presence of Shiva lingam in Babylon, ancient Mesopotamia. The archaeological evidences in Harappa-MohenjoDaro showed numerous inscritions which revealed that Shiva worship has been followed since centuries.
Shiva Lingam consists of three parts. The bottom part has four sides and always remains underground, the middle part has eight sides and remains on a pedestal. The top part which is worshipped is round and is one-third of its circumference. The three parts of the shiva linga signifies the three divine powers of Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwara, Brahma at the bottom, Vishnu in the middle and Shiva on the top. The pedestal has a passage that facilitates the draining of water that is poured on the top.
The Linga symbolises the constructive and destructive power of Shiva. But many critiques have mislead people giving wrong information saying that the Linga symbolizes the male organ and viewed with obscenity. Many people blindly projected the upper part of the Shiva Linga as the Phallus to malign the customs and religious beliefs. Exactly why Swami Vivekananda described Shiva Lingam as the symbol of the Eternal Brahman, when a German Orientalist, Gusta Oppert traced it to phallicism. Swami Vivekananda cited Atharva Veda that the worship of Shiva Lingam was sung in praise of sacrificial post – a description of beginning-less and endless of the Eternal Brahman and refuted it as an imaginary invention.
The fact is the Shiva Linga is shaped like an egg which represents the ‘Brahmanda’ or the cosmic egg. There are two types of Shiva Linga, one is the black stone and other is man-made made of solidified mercury. Solidifying mercury was a well known in vedic science. The black stone linga is seen in many ancients temples and is also said to be the one which is installed in the Kabba in Mecca.
There are also other types of Lingas which are named Daiva linga, asura Linga and Arsha-lingas. Daiva linga is said to be installed and worshipped by Gods and celestial beings. Asura Lingas were generally installed and worshiped by demons and wicked titans who were great devotees of Shiva. Arsha-lingas were installed and worshipped by sages of yore (like Agastya). Purana Lingas are said to be installed by mythical personages. Manusha-lingas are those that have been made by Kings and great personalities of past. Svayambhu-lingas are the forms which Shiva assumed to manifest himself.
In County Meath, Ireland, on the Hill of Tara sits a mysterious stone known as the Lia Fáil (Stone of Destiny). The stone is said to have brought to Ireland by the Tuatha Dé Danann. Tuatha Dé Danann was none other than the children of the goddess Danu who ruled Ireland from 1897 B.C. to 1700 B.C. (The Christian monks viewed the stone as a pagan stone idol symbolic of fertility. This stone was so important that it was used for the coronation of all Irish Kings up until 500 AD. The goddess Danu in European tradition was a river goddess. In some Irish texts her father is said to be Dagda (the good god), a father figure in Irish tradition).