Housing for all by 2022 has been one of the major aims of the present Central Government. In order to achieve this target, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awas Yojana (PMGAY) which aims to build 3 crore housing units by 2022. The government also aims to finish building of the first 1 crore houses by 2019. Some people have criticized that it is just another rural housing scheme like Indira Awas Yojana. However, there are some significant changes in this scheme which aims to make a difference.
The aim is not just building houses. The present government has been focussing on skill development across the country. It had also created Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE). Therefore, it had brought the aspect of skill in a flagship program like Mahatma Gandhi National Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA). Now, the government is focussing on skilling the rural youth in rural housing scheme too under PMGAY too. The rural youths will be trained in masonry and other construction skills. Moreover, even if a person, who has been skilled, constructs his own house, still he will be paid regular stipend.
The beneficiaries will be given Rs. 1.20 lakh in the plains and Rs. 1.30 lakh in the hilly areas, north-east and Naxalite-affected areas. As an impetus to Swachch Bharat Abhiyan, each beneficiary of will get Rs. 70,000 as loan and Rs. 12,000 as a grant to build a toilet of size 25 sq. m.
One of the major problems of most of the government schemes has been identification of beneficiaries. The government has found a solution for this problem too. The BPL beneficiaries will be selected from the socio-economic survey conducted in the year 2011.
Most importantly, the houses will not be built without use of any technology. Indian Institute of Technology is providing technical assistance in constructing these houses. The houses wil be built within 270sq.ft. under this scheme. So that it will address the earlier issues that were arising in the earlier affordable housing projects like lack of space or poor liveability in the houses and so on.
This would be one of the world’s largest group housing projects for the poor. Like Jandhan Yojana, probably Modi government will make a record in this scheme too. Apart from these, the scheme’s another major emphasis is on time based implementation. If this is implemented as per the set timeline, then India can reach the target of housing for all by 2022.