Only three countries in the world, in 2010 had a majority Hindu population – India, Nepal & Mauritius. Nepal had offered to join the Indian Union after India’s independence in 1947. Ex RSS Chief KS Sudarshan had said that it was Independent India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru who rejected the offer. “Shortly after independence, the then Nepal Prime Minister Matrika Prasad Koirala had conveyed his country’s wish to join India to Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru,” Mr Sudarshan had said in 2008, while addressing a function.
However, Pandit Nehru rejected the offer fearing international criticism that India had turned expansionist immediately after freedom, the Ex RSS Chief had said. India & Nepal signed a bilateral treaty in 1950 establishing a close strategic relationship between the two South Asian neighbours. It is famously called – ‘The 1950 India-Nepal Treaty of Peace & Friendship.’ The treaty basically offered economic opportunities in India for Nepalese nationals against Nepalese assurances that India’s security concerns would be respected. The treaty was signed by the Indian ambassador Chandeshwar Narayan Singh (disrespect for protocol) with Nepal PM Mohan Shamsher Jung Bahadur Rana. Rana was left to ponder with a lot, during the last days of his discredited regime.
The treaty which is more than 6 decades old was under threat in the year 2008 when a collation government was formed in Nepal. The leader of the Communist party of Nepal (Maoist) Pushpa Kamal Dahal had said that the 1950 treaty with India would be scrapped and a new pact would be negotiated with India. However, he was not able to pursue the matter & had to resign within 9 months of his tenure.
Nehru was also responsible for giving away Tibet to China, without even raising an alarm against China’s expansionist policy. Nehru did not speak up even when China tried to stake its claim on Sikkim & Arunachal Pradesh. He wanted the support of the communists & hence decided to keep mum. Jawaharlal Nehru believed in the foreign policy of ‘idealism.’ Nehru just wanted to please his western counterparts at the UN; some of them may have not bothered to even find Nepal on the world map.
In 1951, King Tribhuwan of Nepal fled to India, not because he wanted to but was not left with any option. The democracy in Nepal was under threat & the Rana rule was ready to overpower the king. The king had opposed the Ranas& hence the only option was to support India. Nehru could have used the opportunity to consolidate the Hindu majority, but this was to be the beginning of Nehru’s distasteful legacy.
India is a country which has never invaded any other country. We do not believe in the expansionist policies practised by countries like China. There are 10 articles in the 1950 treaty & if the need arises the treaty should be negotiated.