It seems India has decided to correct its History finally. After a recent attempt of correcting the history by Rajasthan Government, now Maharashtra Education Board has decided to remove the unnecessary references of Mughals from History text book. They highlighted the achievements of Raja Shivaji instead.

Maharashtra education board has reduced the Mughal emperor’s reign to just three lines.The board has revised history textbooks for classes VII and IX, and have removed all traces of the Mughal rule and the monuments built during that period, they instead focusing on the Maratha Empire founded by Shivaji.

Till now students used to be told that that Akbar was a “liberal and tolerant administrator,” however this will be changed now, they will now be taught that he “tried to bring India under a Central authority” and faced opposition from the likes of Maharan Pratap and Shivaji.

Maratha King Shivaji, who was in the earlier textbook referred to as ‘people’s king,’ will now be mentioned as ‘an ideal ruler.’ Shivaji’s role in medieval history, and that of his family and the Maratha generals, have been expanded upto great extent.

The Latest books will also see an elimination of Muslim rulers in the country before the Mughal period, including Razia Sultana and Muhammad bin TughlaqThe revised textbook for class IX, on the other hand, includes the sensitive issues like Bofors scam and the Emergency of 1975-1977.

Another notable omission includes the rule of Sher Shah Suri, who had forced Humayun to flee from India.

Government Officials claimed that there was an urgent sense of revising the syllabus in order to update history with modern events. It is a common observation that Mughal have been given too much space in Indian History and that is the reason why Mughal history has been reduced so that the Modern history can be incorporated.

The revision of the syllabus was discussed at a meeting held at RambhauMhalgiPrabodhini – a think-tank promoted by the RSS – by Maharashtra education Minister Vinod Tawde.

As expected, Opposition and Liberals have started raising objections. Kishore Darak,a Pune-based independent researcher in curriculum and textbooks, raised objection on Book cover, he said  that the cover was “problematic” for it “displays saffron flags all over the map of the country,” hence creating an image that the “Hindu samrajya existed in India during that period, this is factually incorrect and reeks of political agenda.”

On the other hand Chairman of the history subject committee of the Maharashtra State Bureau of Textbook Production and Curriculum Research, Mr. Sadanand More justified this change. He said it is the interest of students of the state, we have looked at history from a Maharashtra-centric point of view. Even if it is the Delhi Sultanate or the Mughal rule and the medieval history of India, we have kept Maharashtra at the centre. It is a natural course as we are from Maharashtra.What’s wrong in that? In fact the central board books have very little about our state.

What do you think, is it the right step to remove Mughals from Indian History?


Manish Sharma

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