India’s formulation of defense strategy was previously focused on Pakistan. So, much emphasis on nuclear weapons wasn’t required as Pakistan was mainly focusing on border infiltration. But now India is tremendously working on increasing its nuclear warheads.

What is the reason for this?

India’s major threat is not Pakistan but China. This is not a secret anymore, China has significant amount of trade with India but it has tried to counter India’s developmental moves in global platform regularly.

Even though war is not possible in the next few years but it will try to attack India directly or by providing weapons to Pakistan.

What did the director of the Nuclear Information Project of the Federation of American Scientists (FAS) say?

Hans M. Kristensen, from FAS is renounced for researching and writing about nuclear weapons and the policies that direct them. He said that India is continuously upgrading and modernizing its nuclear arsenal and is estimated to have produced enough plutonium for 150-200 nuclear warheads but has likely produced only 120-130.

India is estimated to have produced approximately 600 kilograms of weapon-grade plutonium which is sufficient for 150-200 nuclear warheads. But it should be noted that India has not used all the materials to convert into nuclear warheads.

Aircrafts are the major power of India

India has shown huge progress in the nuclear fields because in 2003, India had only fighter-bombers. Since then India has tremendously focused on building a diverse arsenal of land-and-sea-based ballistic missiles.

It is estimated that three or four squadrons of Mirage 2000H and Jaguar IS/IB (and possibly also MiG-27) aircraft, at three bases, are assigned nuclear strike missions against Pakistan and China.

Land-based missiles

India has developed four types of land –based nuclear-capable ballistic missiles which are operational:

  1. The short-range Prithvi-2
  2. The short-range Agni-1
  3. The medium-range Agni-2
  4. Intermediate-range Agni-3

It is a question whether India wants to further develop these missiles. India has regularly been successful in launching various missiles.

Indian Navy: The warrior at the sea

After undergoing a series of vigorous tests, Indian Navy has launched INS Arihant. Arihant is India’s first nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine and is propelled by an 83 MW pressurised light-water reactor at its core. Russia helped scientists at the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) in miniaturising the reactor to fit into the 10-metre-wide hull of the nuclear submarine.

The Indian Navy has commissioned several ships and even tested various missiles at sea. Perhaps the frequent indirect threats from China have made India a nuclear powerful nation.

Can India China target entire China?

The questions that haunts everyone after seeing these nuclear capacities of India is that can it target the entire China in the upcoming years if China tries to attack on India? Well, by using these nuclear warheads, India can certainly blow up Pakistan but we need to assess the counter measures that will be adopted by china during war.

There is no doubt that China has a very good arsenal of nuclear weapons but during the war, only thing that comes into consideration is the strategy adopted at right time. It seems like India has rattled China by the smart policies. Fresh example is, when the dragons came to trouble India in Doklam area, we didn’t even move a single inch back.

Source: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00963402.2017.1337998

http://thebulletin.org/2017/july/indian-nuclear-forces-201710907


Hansika Raj

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