In order to realize Sardar’s dream of One India, Great India and also to solve the decade long problems relating to Jammu and Kashmir Union Home Minister Amit Shah announced the scrapping of Article 370 on August 5, 2019.
Although this historic move by the Modi government was appreciated by people across the country it was also condemned by a few “Intellectuals.”
Bjp leaders also state that the scrapping of Article 370 is the redemption of promise of BJP ideologue Dr Shyama Prasad Mookerjee and Former PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
Now, a new issue has come into limelight of India having ‘physical jurisdiction’ over PoK. Foreign affairs minister S Jaishankar spoke regarding India’s position over PoK during the media interaction, “Our position on POK has always been and will be very clear. PoK is a part of India and we expect one day to have physical jurisdiction over it”, he said
Earlier Union Home Minister Amit Shah speaking on the issue said,“Kashmir is an integral part of India and PoK falls in its borders. We are ready to give our lives for it”
This raised a lot of eyebrows among the people and created a buzz even in the social media and netizens began contemplating the next move of Modi Government.
Pakistan was quick to react on this and has asked international community to take “serious cognizance” of India’s “aggressive posturing” regarding taking “physical jurisdiction” of PoK. Pakistan also said that such remarks may cause tension and disturb the peace between the countries.
Now, let’s look into the history:
At the time of Independence of India, British abandoned their claims over the princely states and allowed to take decision on the options of joining India or Pakistan. Meanwhile, Maharaja Hari Singh, King of Jammu and Kashmir chose to stay independent.
On 21st October, 1947, thousands of Pashtun tribesmen supported by the Pakistan army infiltrated into J&K in order to liberate from the King’s rule.
The rebellions were armed with modern equipments which made it hard for the King’s soldiers to battle against them.
They captured the towns of Muzaffarbad and Baramulla and marched towards the state capital Srinagar.
Maharaj Hari Singh requested the military assistance of India which provided the assistance on the condition that Maharaja will sign instrument of accession that specified three subjects on which Jammu and Kashmir would transfer its power to the Government of India which are Foreign Affairs, Defence and communication.
Indian troops were airlifted to Srinagar while Pakistan intervened and a war broke out between the two countries with two areas of control stabilized and the region won by Pakistan supported rebellions remained with them which is now called Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK).
A ceasefire was agreed between the two countries and a UN ceasefire line was drawn in 1949 which became the Line of Control (LoC). But, Pakistan continues to stake claim over the region by cross-border terrorism.
Modi government now is constantly hinting on gaining control over the Pakistan occupied Kashmir. The first ever statement regarding PoK was made by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh as he said that if talks are held between India and Pakistan they would be held over the PoK.
All these developments regarding the PoK have led to a lot of speculations whether the Modi government’s next big target is to take over Pakistan occupied Kashmir. If so then whether the government will adopt military measures against Pakistan?
Well, for now India must come up with a prudent strategy to take over PoK as now the region is said to be slowly falling under the sphere influence of China. It also needs to employ variety of measures both domestically and externally.