“This Iraqi President was once called the most dangerous man in the world”.
At the age of 20, he left school to join the Arab socialist’s party. In 1959, he joined along the assassination of the Iraq’s Prime minister, after which he fled the country. He returned after the matter was in control in 1963. However, he was arrested the next year. he escaped the prison 3 years later.
Executed many of his political opponents, killed at least 20,000 soldiers during his reign and all of them were dead. In 2003 president George W Bush issued that he has to resign and leave the country or face war.
Well, staunch news followers might have guessed his name by now; yes I am talking about the most notorious dictator of the 20th century times- “Saddam Hussein”!!
Born on April 28, 1937, in Tikrit, Iraq, Saddam Hussein was a secularist who rose through the Baath political party to assume a dictatorial presidency. Under his rule, segments of the populace enjoyed the benefits of oil wealth, while those in opposition faced torture and execution. After military conflicts with U.S.-led armed forces, Hussein was captured in 2003.
In 1963, when Qasim’s government was overthrown in the so-called Ramadan Revolution, Saddam returned to Iraq, but he was arrested the following year as the result of in-fighting in the Ba’ath Party. While in prison, however, he remained involved in politics, and in 1966 was appointed deputy secretary of the Regional Command. Shortly he managed to escape prison,and followed, continued to strengthen his political power.
In 1968, Saddam participated in a bloodless but successful Ba’athist coup that resulted in Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr becoming Iraq’s president and Saddam his deputy. During al-Bakr’s presidency, Saddam proved himself to be an effective and progressive politician, albeit a decidedly ruthless one. Saddam helped develop Iraq’s first chemical weapons program and, to guard against coups, created a powerful security apparatus, which included both Ba’athist paramilitary groups and the People’s Army, and which frequently used torture, rape and assassination to achieve its goals.
In 1979, when al-Bakr attempted to unite Iraq and Syria, in a move that would have left Saddam effectively powerless, Saddam forced al-Bakr to resign, and on July 16, 1979, Saddam Hussein became president of Iraq. Less than a week later, he called an assembly of the Ba’ath Party. During the meeting, a list of 68 names was read out loud, and each person on the list was promptly arrested and removed from the room. Of those 68, all were tried and found guilty of treason and 22 were sentenced to death. By early August 1979, hundreds of Saddam’s political foes had been executed.
Members of the Bush administration had suspected that the Hussein government had a relationship with Osama bin Laden’s al Qaeda organization. In his January 2002 State of the Union address, U.S. President George W. Bush named Iraq as part of his so-called “Axis of Evil,” along with Iran and North Korea, and claimed that the country was developing weapons of mass destruction and supporting terrorism.
Later that year, UN inspections of suspected weapons sites in Iraq began, but little or no evidence that such programs existed was ultimately found. Despite this, on March 20, 2003, under the pretense that Iraq did in fact have a covert weapons program and that it was planning attacks, a U.S.-led coalition invaded Iraq. Within weeks, the government and military had been toppled, and on April 9, 2003, Baghdad fell. Saddam, however, managed to elude capture.
It took place on Saturday, 30 December 2006. Saddam was sentenced to death by hanging, after being convicted of crimes against humanity by the Iraqi Special Tribunal for the murder of 148 Iraqi Shi’ites in the town of Dujail in 1982, in retaliation for an assassination attempt against him.
The Iraqi government released an official videotape of his execution, showing him being led to the gallows, and ending after his head was in the hangman’s noose. International public controversy arose when a mobile phone recording of the hanging showed him surrounded by a contingent of his countrymen who jeered him in Arabic and praised the Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, and his subsequent fall through the trap door of the gallows.
The atmosphere of the execution drew criticism around the world from nations that oppose as well as support capital punishment. On Sunday 31 December 2006, Saddam Hussein’s body was returned to his birthplace of Al-Awja, near Tikrit, and was buried near the graves of other family members.
A senior of Iraqi official who was involved in the events leading to Saddam’s death was quoted as saying, “
The Americans wanted to delay the execution by 15 days because they weren’t keen on having him executed right away. But during the day [before the execution] the prime minister’s office provided all the documents they asked for and the Americans changed their minds when they saw the prime minister was very insistent.
Then it was just a case of finalizing the details.” U.S. military spokesman Maj. Gen. William Caldwell told journalists in Baghdad that after “physical control” of Saddam was given to the Iraqi government, the multinational force had absolutely no direct involvement with [the execution] whatsoever.” There were no U.S. representatives present in the execution chamber.
Reports circulated that Saddam’s behavior was “submissive” and that he was carrying the Qur’an he had been keeping with him throughout his trial before his execution.
Saddam’s legacy is divided, while some remember him as a firm and fair leader others maintain, he was the most dangerous dictators of the 20th century. However, his dictatorship overpowers his fair leadership.
He’ll be remembered as the man who killed millions of lives to satisfy his lust and dictatorship. The one who did such things to his country, it will have negative effects until decades after decades over it.