Is the Prime Minister of an independent nation required to seek permission from the King of the imperial power, from which it got independence, to appoint somebody to some position? The answer is obvious.
On April 28th, 1948, Jawaharlal Nehru wrote a letter to seek permission to King George the Sixth, King of India.
Congress never listened to Subhash Chandra Bose about the Dominion Status Project presented by British. They compromised with the British Imperialism.
During the Second World War, after the negotiations had started, Netaji did repeatedly broadcast from abroad warning the Congress leaders against any such compromise. He aggressively opposed to the Dominion status and he suspected long ago that Congress would definitely slip into British’s hands.
Even after 70 years of so-called independence, most Indians do not know that it was a Dominion status and not full independence that was granted to us through the Transfer of Power on August 15, 1947.
Gandhiji, from the beginning, had always been vague about the meaning of Swaraj. It was in the Nagpur Session of the Congress in December 1920 that Gandhiji became the undisputed leader of the Congress party and the goal of Congress was changed from ‘self-government within the Empire’ to ‘the attainment of Swaraj’. Swaraj could be Dominion status or complete Independence!
However, Nehru Report, drafted by Nehru, openly advocated the Dominion status and Gandhiji endorsed it in its entirety during the Calcutta Congress of 1928. Nehru did not want to displease Gandhiji and his father and absented himself from the proceedings of the next day’s session. Subhas Chandra Bose remained steadfastly committed to ‘complete independence’ but his amendment was defeated and the Nehru Report was passed.
Dominion Status & Partition in the Mountbatten Plan of 1947 were accepted by Jawaharlal Nehru and the AICC. Gandhi spoke in favour of the resolution in the AICC meeting on June 14, 1947, for 40 minutes. The same Gandhi had told Abul Kalam Azad on March 3, 1947, that “If the Congress wishes to accept partition, it will be over my dead body. So long as I am alive, I will never agree to the partition of India.”
Michael Bracher in his book titled ‘Nehru : A Political Biography’ wrote, “Nehru seemed resigned to the necessity of partition very early.” Leonard Mosley in his book named ‘The Last Days of British Raj’ wrote, that Jawaharlal Nehru had frankly confided to him in 1960, “The truth is that we were tired men, and we were getting on in years too. Few of us could stand the prospect of going to prison again – and if we had stood out for a united India as we wished it, prison obviously awaited us.”
Michael Bracher in his biography of Jawaharlal Nehru wrote, “When Nehru accepted Dominion status many people were startled. And when India agreed to remain in the Commonwealth Nehru was accused of violating solemn pledges undertaken during the struggle for freedom.”
“The Mountbattens’ persuasive powers undoubtedly helped to ease Nehru’s acceptance of partition. They also succeeded in dispelling his distrust of British motives. And Nehru was probably influenced by them in deciding to remain in the Commonwealth. India paid an exorbitant price for Mountbatten’s military approach to the transfer of power. But in terms of British interests it was a brilliant achievement.” It may be mentioned here that Jawaharlal Nehru had told Ms. Taya Zinkin, the British Journalist & writer, that Brecher’s Political Biography of Nehru was the only good book written about him. When Ms. Zinkin pointed out that the book contained severest indictments about him, Nehru had said, “I suppose it is true. It is all fair criticism, you know, and I must accept it.”(‘Reporting India’ by Ms. TayaZinkin).
Republic Vs. Dominion Status
Most people believe that the Dominion of India ceased to exist with effect from January 26, 1950, when India declared itself a Republic. However, a small number of people continue to argue that technically, because of some clauses of Articles 131, 147 and 395, India continues to be a Dominion State. Probably constitution experts might enlighten us on this matter.
Some Interesting Facts
On the early hours of August 15, 1947, the Constitution Assembly appointed Lord Mountbatten as the first Governor-General of the Dominion of India. He was sworn in the morning of August 15, 1947. The new Cabinet, headed by Jawaharlal Nehru, was then sworn in by Mountbatten, the Governor-General.
Lord Mountbatten continued to be the Governnor-General of India from August 15, 1947, to June 21, 1948. He was felicitated in the Constituent Assembly on August 15, 1947, and one Member said that ‘The very fact that we are appointing Lord Mountbatten as the Governor-General of India, shows the spirit of understanding and friendliness in which this whole transition is being effected.’
Commander in Chief of the Indian Army were two British Generals from August 15, 1947, to January 15, 1949. The Commanders in Chief of Indian Air Force from August 15, 1947, to March 31, 1954, were three British Officers. Similarly, the Commanders in Chief, Indian Navy, from April, 1955, to April 21,1958, were three Naval Officers.
Forgotten Contribution Of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose & His INA And Also Of The Lakhs Of Martyrs
We have noticed that systematic attempts were afoot by the government of India, even by the interim government, before India got Dominion status, to obliterate the name of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and his INA from Indian history.
About 26,000 soldiers of the INA died in the Manipur and Nagaland sectors. Till today, very little has been done in their memory. But, as we all know, and as Mr. Clement Attlee, the then Prime Minister of United Kingdom has himself revealed, it was because of the repercussions of the bravery of the INA soldiers that they had to leave India in such a hurry. The history books say that only Gandhi brought independence to India through his non-violent movement.
The armed struggle by the freedom fighters have been termed as ‘revolutionary terrorism’ by the so-called Gadhian and Nehruvian historians who behaved more like courtesans of Jawaharlal Nehru and his dynasty. The onus now lies on the current and future generations of Indians to correct the abysmal miscarriage of justice that has been meted out to the lakhs of patriotic Indians who sacrificed their lives for the independence of our country. At the same time, the true nature of the pseudo-patriots who masqueraded as so-called liberators of India also needs to be exposed.
The Real Independence Day
And this is the reason why many people think that December 30 should more appropriately be marked as the Independence Day of India, instead of August 15 when we merely got Dominion Status in 1947. It was on December 30, 1943, that Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose hoisted the Indian flag for the first time in the liberated territory of Shahid and Swaraj islands. The ungrateful nation even now calls these as Andaman and Nicober islands. The INA later liberated parts of Manipur and Nagaland also and again the national flag was hoisted at Moirang on April 14, 1944. Thanks to our government, very few Indians know about these golden moments of our independence struggle.
Probably the perpetrators of these acts thought that by the time their manipulations are discovered, people would be pacified and they would escape public outrage. While we Indians believe in forgiving traitors, we must not forget these characters and must not bury the true history of our freedom struggle. Due honour must be restored to all the martyrs and the genuine freedom fighters who struggled for the liberation of our country. Lots of digging is required to be carried out before we can rewrite the correct history or our freedom struggle. Only the truth will set us all free.
Credits: Utpal Aich