India and China has finally settled the 2 month long Doklam standoff. However the details of the extensive negotiation has been made public and we feel proud to say that India has done a commendable job by holding China with its horns and hold its fort like never before.
It is also observed that Indian NSA Ajit Doval had an upper hand during the entire negotiation process. Especially his response to Chinese State Councilor was just amazing. Chinese State Councilor Yang Jiechi had asked National Security Advisor AK Doval, “Is Doklam your territory?”
Yang’s tone was showing the Chinese inflexibility over changing the status quo at the tri-junction of Bhutan, India and China border and building a road in Bhutanese territory. To which Doval, unintimidated, said that it was not China’s territory either as Bhutan has claimed it. Doval further said, “Does every disputed territory become China’s by default?”
This response was too shocking for Chinese as they were not expecting such a blunt response from Indian Side. Ajit Doval further said that the disputed area was claimed by Bhutan and a treaty with the Himalayan kingdom obliged India to defend its security interests.Doklam was at the center of negotiations that were held between China and Bhutan to resolve their border disputes, Doval stressed. But he also reminded Yang of Beijing’s offer to hand over to the kingdom 500 square kilometers in the north in exchange for Doklam.
NSA Doval also argued on the claims made by China over Doklam and that it was not settled, hence, both the sides should simultaneously pull back their troops to restore status quo.
As the negotiation went on between the two south Asian giants, Foreign Secretary S Jaishankar and India’s ambassador to China Vijay Gokhale too tried to resolve the dispute.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping met each other in Hamburg on the sidelines of the G20 Summit where they agreed on the talks. In the meeting, Modi suggested Xi that talks should be held at NSA level and the dispute should not be allowed to escalate.
He is understood to have stated, “India will not allow the status quo to be changed by force under any circumstance. Any change must happen through negotiations and through mutual understanding.”
In the meantime China kept on provoking by statements and movement of missiles and tanks and scuffles at other border points, India refused to give in.The Indian Army was also instructed to ignore these provocations.
The tensions in Doklam was as such that even a single shot fired by an edgy soldier could have sparked a full-fledged war. But it did not take long for the Army as it reinforced men and moved the back-up security personnel close to the confrontation site.
Indian Government was very well aware that all the rhetoric and the movement of missiles etc were mind games intended to get us to blink. But at the same time, India was prepared for any eventuality which might have been forced on us.However, China realized that with India, negotiations were the only way out unlike the case with some of its other neighbors.