We all have been taught that foreign scientists such as Newton, Einstein, Benjamin Franklin had invented electricity, bulbs and batteries. But what has not been taught to us is that the electricity was being used in India thousands of years before that. Many of us do not know that Agastya Rishi was the father of the electric battery. Maharishi Agastya was one of the Saptarishis and he was the elder brother of Vasishtha Muni who was Rajkul Guru of King Dasharath. Agastya Rishi lived in Northern India but on request of the deities, he left Kashi and travelled to the south and later settled there.
Agastya Rishi is one of the great sages. The basic method of generating electricity is based on the ancient principles of Rishi Agastya. The code written by him covered the vast knowledge of subjects including a formula for making a battery. In the code, Maharishi has mentioned several theories to generate clean energy thereby providing electricity with natural resources. And the same theories are even followed by the modern batteries we use today.
For generating electricity, Rishi Agastya combined an earthen pot, a copper plate, copper sulphate, wet sawdust and zinc amalgam and conducted his experiment. The experiment involves placing the requisite material in a resilient plastic container and then using lead or copper plates in place of positive and negative iron plates. Using a porous synthetic material such as wet sawdust, these plates are separated from each other. Thereafter, a diluted solution of sulphuric acid and water is used to make the connection.
If we look at the modern science inventions, we will find that they work on the same theories as put forth by Rishi Agastya on the formation of electricity. It has been deduced from several experiments that when a cell is prepared as per the principles laid down by Rishi Agastya, it gives an open circuit voltage of 1.138 volts and a short circuit current of 23 mA. Although his original experiment was stated out in Sanskrit terms, each of them easily converts into a modern day term, such as, Mitra and Varuna, which become anodes and cathodes in terms of modern-day electric terms. Besides this, Rishi Agastya derived working experiments of aerodynamic batteries as well.
Ancient Vedic technologists produced six kinds of electricity Tadit–lightning created by friction of silken cloth, Saudamini – electricity created from friction of gems or glasses, Vidyut – electricity created by clouds or steam, Shatakoti or Shatakumbhi – electricity created by 100 cells or pots, Hridani – stored or assimilated electricity, a storage cell for travel, Ashani – emanating from magnetic bar, Agastya Samhita also contains an account of using electricity for electroplating ages back. He also discovered a way to polish gold, silver, and copper with a battery. Due to his such brilliant invention, Rishi Agastya is also called one who is `Battery Born’.
Rishi Agastya’s achievement as one of India’s oldest and wisest rishi’s is remarkable that indicates the rich history and culture of the country. We are unaware of the knowledge of our Puranas, while the countries of the West have followed our Puranas for carrying out all major inventions. We should read our Vedas and know how Indian Rishi’s and Muni’s were a bundle of knowledge and had done inventions much before any other nation.