The contribution of Netaji Bose towards India is unending. He tried all possible way to motivate Indians to drag the British out of India. Everyone knows about the fierce army of Netaji, the INA but does any one know the anthem created by Netaji to boost the morale of the soldiers?
Vande Mataram was extensively used during the protest march of freedom struggle. It was so powerful that the British even banned it from singing. Meanwhile Netaji wanted another song which could be used as the national anthem; “Vande Mataram” was opposed by a certain section of Indians.
Finally a song was composed tofuel up the freedom moment and it was titled “Subh Sukh Chain”. It was the national anthem of the Provisional Government of Free India. This song was based on the Bengali poem “Jana Gana Mana” by Rabindranath Tagore.
The song “Subh Sukh Chain” was written by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose with the assistance of Mumtaz Hussain, a writer with the Azad Hind Radio and Colonel Abid Hassan Saffrani of the INA. Abid Hasan added the name “Saffrani” to symbolise the saffron colour which indicates communal harmony and patriotism.
Netaji wanted this song to awaken those who slept during the freedom struggle. So he approached Captain Ram in the then INA broadcasting station at the Cathay Building in Singapore and urged to give a martial tune for this song.
Captain Ram Singh Thakuri was an Indian Gorkha fighter who was a composer and musician of the fantastic patriotic song “Kadam Kadam Badhaye Ja”. His band was even invited to play the National Anthem during the Prime Minister’s inaugural address at the Red Fort in 1947.
Goosebumps are sure expected when the National Anthem of INA is heard. It is sad that “Subh Sukh Chain” which played a major role in the freedom struggle is hardly sung today.
On 24 Jan 1950, the then President of India Dr. Rajendra Prasad announced the final decision that Jana Gana Mana would be the national anthem of India.