He rattled the British when he was just 23 years old; Today is the 110th birth anniversary of Shaheed Bhagat Singh

India is a hub where legends are born every second and these legends are the reasons why patriotism is still sparkling within the heart and soul of every Indian. Among these, one legend is eternal in this land of Hindustan. He is none other than Bhagat Singh who sacrificed his life at the age of 23 just with the intention that lakhs of other youths will jump into the freedom struggle.

The British -lunatic, fanatic, looters- found it impossible to handle this young man named Bhagat Singh and they were sure that his revolutionary movement will soon clinch their authority over India. At last the coward British hanged him along with other freedom fighters, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar. Their death was just few seconds away from them but the smile on their face shamed the word called “death”.

Today we celebrate the 110th birth anniversary of the staunch patriot and a freedom fighter, Bhagat Singh. This young man who strengthened the “pillars of freedom struggle” was born on September 28, 1907 in Lyallpur district of the Punjab Province of British India.

That one incidence changed this young man into a “fierce fire ball” when he was just 12 years old. The terrible holocaust of Indians i.e. the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre that killed several Indians had affected him deeply.

The technique of British was to eliminate the forefront fighters either by pushing them into jail or by ending their life. Example was of the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, who beaten with a lathi (bamboo stick) on the head several times. This triggered several freedom fighters including Bhagat Singh to opt for the non-violent ways to suppress the British. So they plotted to kill the Superintendent of Police James Scott in Lahore who was responsible for Lala Lajpat Rai’s death. Instead of James Scott, the freedom fighters killed John Saunders, the Assistant Superintendent of Police. Bhagat Singh and team had to flee from Lahore to escape death punishment.

In the year 1929, he planned to explode a bomb inside the Central Legislative Assembly and the intention was to protest against the Public Safety Bill, and the Trade Dispute Act, which had been rejected by the Assembly but were being enacted by the Viceroy using his special powers.

Even though the HSRA leaders opposed the participation of Bhagat Singh (because if he was caught then the British would definitely execute him) but later they found that he was the most suitable person for this brave act. The intention was not to kill anyone but was a way to exhibit their protest.

After they hurled the bomb into the assembly, they threw leaflets and raised the slogan “Inquilab Zindabad” (Long Live the Revolution). Bhagat Singh and his friend deliberately courted arrest by refusing to run away from the scene. During his trial, Bhagat Singh refused to employ any Defence counsel. Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were sentenced to death in the Lahore conspiracy case and ordered to be hanged on 24 March 1931. But schedule was moved forward by 11 hours and were hanged on 23rd March 1931 in the Lahore jail.

The jail authorities broke a hole in the rear wall of the jail so that the bodies of these freedom fighters could be shifted out of the jail. Then these were secretly cremated under the cover of darkness outside Ganda Singh Wala village and then the ashes were thrown into the Sutlej river.

Today, he is not with us but his fighting spirit has been embedded in the blood of every Indian.


Hansika Raj