It is often asked how does Indian defence forces perform such precise operations without giving the slightest hint to anyone. The best example was the Surgical Strike conducted by the Indian Commandos in 2016 after Uri attack. The commandos without causing a single damage to the civilians of Pakistan, had destroyed 7 terror launch pads in a most daring operations ever.
The name surgical strike itself suggests it is surgically removing the affected part without disturbing anything. But this time, after the heinous Pulwama attack, the defence not just wanted to teach Pakistan a lesson but to eliminate the terrorists hub in Pakistan. This is why the Indian Air Force was deployed for action in which the 3 terror hubs in Balakot, Muzaffarabad and Chakoti in Pakistan were completely destroyed. The air strikes resulted in the death of over 300 terrorists among which 25 commanders of JeM were present.
The entire operations were conducted in such a way that no civilian was hurt, but the terror hub and launch pads were demolished. But the question is, how did the IAF know exactly the locations of the 25 commanders. How did they know they were present in those 3 JeM terror camps.
The credit should go to the ISRO and the satellites of our country. It will be a surprise to know that satellites are one of the most used technology by the defence forces. Not many people know that our satellites are able to map 87% of Pakistan’s land and can provide the most crucial inputs for the army. The satellites can map terrains across 7.7 lakh sqkm of Pakistan’s total 8.8 lakh sqkm of land area and provide high resolution images upto 0.65 m (2.3 ft).
Not just Pakistan, but it is said that India has capability to map around 14 countries covering a range of about 5.5 million sqkm. This coverage is given from Cartosat satellites. Economic Times
A junior space minister Jitendra Singh who spoke to ET said, “India can literally peep into Pakistan homes and its not joking. “India’s integrated border management system allows India to look into verandahs and rooms of houses in Pakistan.”
So, this is exactly how the Indian Armed forces were able to map each and every moment of terrorists and decided to strike the terror camps in 3 places. They are even capable of recognizing the faces of the terrorists and that is how they knew the 25 top JeM commanders were in the camps.
According to ISRO, more than 10 operational satellites are just used for military purposes giving inputs of border security, terror movement and cross border operations. Among the major satellites that have helped the armed forces are the series of Cartosat satellites, GSAT-7 and GSAT-7A, Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) constellation, the Microsat, Risat and the most recently, HysIS.
Cartosat satellites were the same ones which were also used during the Surgical strikes in 2016. These satellites provide information based on area of interest. According to the National Remote Sensing Centre in Hyderabad, AOI products are of two types — standard and precision-based ortho (where images taken from space are corrected to have a uniform scale) — both of which are useful for the forces. Ortho rectified products are corrected for terrain distortions and camera tilt effects. Economic Times
Cartosat Satellites are even able to track missile launched from neighboring countries and immediately warn the defence forces of our country. They can even record videos of sensitive targets, compress them, and relay to earth. One of the most advanced Cartosat Satellite 2E was launched by ISRO in 2017 which is believed to have much more advanced sensing system.
So, next time when ISRO launches satellites, we should feel proud that these space machines are made to serve the country, provide us security and help our Indian defence forces against terrorists and enemy countries.