Today the entire country and the Indian defence sector is celebrating after India and Russia signed a path breaking deal to get S-400 Missiles which are set to further secure Indian borders with China and Pakistan.
The S-400 missiles which is said to be got from Russia, is regarded as one of the most outstanding and most advanced missile system developed in the recent times. S-400 surface-to-air missile system are the most advanced air defence system made in the recent times. It has multifunction radar, autonomous detection and targeting systems, anti-aircraft missile systems, launchers, and command and control centre. It is capable of firing three types of missiles to create a layered defence.The S-400 was described by The Economist in 2017 as “one of the best air-defence systems currently made.” S-400 Triumf and Pantsir missile system can be integrated into a two-layer defense system. The key features of this missile is that it can track 300 targets and shoot down around three dozen targets simultaneously over a range of 400 kilometres. They are able to detect even stealth aircraft which present a very small radar cross-section and are often impossible for other systems to track.
The system can engage all types of aerial targets including aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), and ballistic and cruise missiles within the range of 400km, at an altitude of up to 30km. The system can simultaneously engage 36 targets.
While today we are happy that India is progressing with its defence capacity, we definitely have to thank the Ex- Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar who not just made this deal possible but his shrewd thinking saved India Rs 46,000 crore money in acquisitions over the next decade.
The S-400 Missile deal was going on since a while when Manohar Parrikar was the Defence Minister of India. He noticed that the defence deals with old terms were costing massive loss to India and therefore reviewed a 15 year long term plan to purchase new air defence systems upto 2027.
The review involved a technical study by the air force and an evaluation of all available air defence systems in the world, resulted in a consensus decision to cut down on purchase plans of shorter range missiles. Air defence strategy which hinges around three layers – a short range system that protects high value installations upto 25 km, a medium range system that covers an area of around 40 km and a long range system for threats coming from further.
The Economic Times had reported that the revaluation conducted by the air force concluded that with the S400 acquisition, the long term acquisition plan for over 100 each Medium and Short range systems have been cut down. “The study found that we will require a much lesser number of the shorter range systems. Minister Parrikar convinced the air force that according to its layered defence plan, the long range system (S 400) would make the larger number of MR SAM and SR SAM redundant.” The S 400 is expected to cost $ 6.1 billion for five systems – the most expensive air defence system ever bought by India. But, on a per square km covered basis, if is the cheapest of known systems available globally.
So, Manohar Parrikar has definitely save huge amount for Defence Ministry by his forward thinking and keen understanding. The country should feel proud that we have such honest and dedicated politician in these days.
Isn’t this the real meaning of Nationalism!