The Naxalite-Maoist Insurgency is a grave issue for the Government of India from almost last five decades. They have expanded their terror network to many states of India like Karnataka, Chattisgarh and Odisha. They extort money and goods from local people. China supplies them with arms and ammunitions. They get funded by many capitalists, leftists for illegal activities like kidnapping, looting, narcotics etc.
In 2015, a study conducted by international organisation National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism ranked the Maoists the 4th deadliest terrorist group in the world, after Taliban, ISIS and Boko Haram.
But what the UPA Government could not do in 10 years. Modi Government has done in 4 years only. In these 4 years Modi Government has broken the backbone of Maoists. Modi Government move of demonetization has deeply affected the funding nexus of these terrorists.
There has been a 52.6% drop in incidents of Maoist violence between 2010 and 2016, according to an India Spend analysis of ministry of home affairs (MHA) data.
Even the Maoists themselves have accepted that Modi Government has given them a setback like never before and their morale is at all-time low. Most of the Maoists are themselves surrendering and entering the mainstream
Maoists are also mired with their leadership. In a recent report released by Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), they have pointed out that lower and middle class of Communist party of India, are miffed with their top leadership as they believe leadership is busy with their own agendas. This is one of the reasons of the Maoists surrendering before the security forces are on the rise.
The CRPF in its report stated, the Naxal cadre is miffed with the leadership as the CPI (Maoist) leadership is not concerned about them anymore and is busy in their luxurious lifestyles. Further, the cadre is also unhappy about the youth finding no place in the state leadership.
“The young leaders are not keen to work in difficult areas. The senior leadership doesn’t listen to them even as they enjoy a good life. Due to this, many from the middle level and even senior cadres are surrendering as they are unhappy with the leadership, citing the CRPF assessment report.
All these findings in CRPF report are based on the interaction and interrogation with the Maoist cadre who had been arrested and surrendered themselves. Also, literatures seized from Naxal hideouts have helped in reaching at these conclusions.
One of the top Naxal leaders Pahad Singh – with a reward of Rs 47 lakh on his head had also agreed with this. He surrendered before the police and said he was disillusioned with the Naxal ideology. He also said the lower cadre were “treated like animals” by the leadership.
So far this year, 359 Maoists have given themselves up before the security forces and 217 of these surrendered in the worst-affected Chhattisgarh.
The better opportunities available in education and government jobs are also one of the contributing factors of decline of Maoists. Tribals are now refusing to join the Maoist ranks. Together, the decline in new recruitment and the well-coordinated operations by the security forces have dealt a big blow to Maoists’ strength and prospects in areas that were once considered their stronghold.
According to reports, It has also been learned that the CPI(Maoist)’s armed wing, the People’s Liberation Guerilla Army (PLGA), is facing a huge “shortage of ammunition” but “the senior leadership is not doing anything about it”, the CRPF report said.
The three-pronged efforts of operations against the terrorists, stifling their sources of funding and carrying out development in the tribal areas, Narendra Modi led central Government has been extremely successful in controlling the menace of left-wing terrorism and rendering the organisation weak with every passing day.