Nationalism

Know All About the ‘Silent Killer’, Second Kalvari-Class Submarine INS Khanderi!

Indian Navy gets a massive boost by the induction of INS Khanderi which was on the trial since 2017. INS Khanderi gets its name from the fort of ‘Chatrapathi Shivaji’ from where he had fought battle with the navy of Siddhi.

‘Khanderi’ is also the wide snouted saw fish, a deadly sea predator of the Indian Ocean.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh will commission attack submarine INS Khanderi on 28th September in Mumbai. INS Khanderi is the second of the Indian Navy’s six Kalvari-class submarines which are built in India under the Make in India programme.

The third Scorpene ‘Karanj’ at MDL was started on January 31, 2018. It is currently undergoing the rigorous phase of sea trials, while the fourth Scorpene ‘Vela’ was recently launched in May and is being prepared for sea trials.

The remaining two submarines — ‘Vagir’ and ‘Vagsheer’ — are in various stages of outfitting, the Defence Ministry said.

The Scorpene class of submarines can undertake multifarious tasks typically undertaken by any modern submarine that include anti-surface as well as anti-submarine warfare.

  • The submarine is a diesel-electric attack submarine which is designed by French naval defence and energy company DCNS.
  • INS Khanderi has been manufactured at Mazagon Dock Limited in Mumbai. It is amongst the most potent platforms to have been constructed in India.

The submarine was launched in the presence of Minister of State for Defence Subhash Bhamre and the then Chief of the Naval Staff Admiral Sunil Lanba on January 12, 2017. The submarine began its sea trials on June 1, 2017.

  • INS Khanderi has a state-of-the-art technology which reduces its noise under the sea.
  • Only 36 crew members are required to be on INS Khanderi. The submarine displaces 1,615 tonnes on the surface and 1,775 tonnes when submerged, and it has a length of 67.5 metres.
  • It is powered by four MTU 12V 396 SE84 diesel engines and 360 battery cells.
  • INS Khanderi can be used for patrolling for 50 days at a stretch at a depth of 350 metres.
  • The submarine can travel at 37 kmph undersea while its speed on the surface is 20 kmph.

Captain Dalbir Singh, Commanding Officer of INS Khanderi, said to the media that,  I am absolutely satisfied with the performance of this submarine. Results of all the trials of this submarine were better than we expected. It is a force-multiplier for us.

  • Khanderi has superior stealth and ability to launch a crippling attack with torpedoes.

The state-of-the-art features allow this Scorpene submarine to launch attacks on the enemy using precision-guided weapons. Its stealth feature gives it an invulnerability, unmatched by many submarines.

Vice Admiral G Ashok Kumar, the vice chief of the Navy, said INS Nilgiri, the first ship of the P17A frigates, would be launched on the occasion of commissioning of INS Khanderi. The defence minister will also inaugurate an aircraft carrier drydock, he added.

The first Kalvari-class submarine INS Kalvari was commissioned in December 2017 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The new submarine inherits its name from INS Khanderi (S22) which served in the Navy from 1968-89. The new Khanderi carries forward the legacy of her namesake, a Soviet Foxtrot Class, which was India’s second submarine and rendered great service to the nation for 21 years. It was commissioned on December 6, 1968, under the command of late Commander MN Vasudeva, at the Soviet seaport of Riga.

INS Vikrant, Indigenous-Built Aircraft Carrier, Will Be the next to join Indian Navy by 2021 according Admiral Sunil Lanba.

On April 22, 1969, INS Khanderi undertook its first voyage to India wherein it successfully navigated 80 nm up the Congo River – to become the first submarine to reach Matadi – the highest port in the world.

The submarine proved its mettle in the 1971 war whilst deployed on the Eastern seaboard.

After almost two decades of service, the sentinel of the deep was decommissioned on October 18, 1989. After decommissioning, the fin of the submarine was unveiled on August 17, 1990, at the parade ground of INS Virbahu, Vishakapatnam and continues to inspire the future generations to come.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh will board the INS Vikramaditya for a ‘day at sea’ with the Western Fleet off the Goa Coast on September 29 on Sunday.

Prime Minister Modi’s vision of SAGAR (Security and Growth for All in the Region), an initiative which gives priority to Indian Ocean region for ensuring peace, stability and prosperity of India in Indian Ocean region is receiving massive boost.

Dr Sindhu Prashanth

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