Chapter 2: Ayodhya – a name which resonates with heartbeat of every Indian! A city which stands as a testimony to the greatness of Raghu Vamsha!
“Devaanaamapi viprarshe sadyahyeshaha manorathah |
Api manushyamaasyaamo devatvaath prachyutaaha |
Manushyah kurute tattu yanna shakyam suraasuraihe ||”
Markandeya purana says,
‘The Devatas too long to take birth in this holy land, no matter even if they lose the status of being Gods. What is impossible for suras and asuras, a human being can achieve’ meaning,
Gods have a great desire to be born in Bhaaratha, even at the cost of losing their position as Gods and are ready to take.birth as humans. But it is possible for them, lucky are the human beings who have this chance.
This is how the greatness of Bhaaratha has been described. The name Bhaaratha is derived from ‘Bharata’ who was a king in the lineage of Ikshvaku. Raghu Vamsha’ and Bhaaratha are inseparable. The greatness of the kingdom runs in the culture, festivals, practices of this land even today.
Where did Rama take birth?
Sri Rama was born in a Vamsha, which originates from the Kashyapa, and to the king Ikshvaku who ruled this entire Bhoomandala(land) and never had even a hint what defeat was.
“Manunaam maanavendraanam naahuri nurmitaa swayam |”
Sri Rama took birth in a place, which was created by none other than the King of all the Maanava (human beings, descendents of Manu) Manu. That is Ayodhya.
How was the Kingdom of Kosala:
The kingdom was rich, prosperous, there was no scantity of wealth or food. The agricultural land we’re so fertile it always yielded good harvest. The infrastructure of the entire state was excellent, the Anna chattras and Dharma chattras were serving people throughout the year. It is said, the people in this kingdom had,
‘Kusuma Kirana Bhagya‘
The residential areas of this kingdom had hugely built houses, there were schools teaching Shaastra and Artha. There were recreational societies entirely in the interest of women – ‘Vadhu naataka sanghyashcha’
The huge gardens had beautified the whole kingdom, in the capital Ayodhya like, there were various work places built for purpose of Samantha Rajas. The water of river Sarayu was sweet as juice of sugarcane. The Dharma was prevalent and the people too possessed righteous character.
Why was it called Ayodhya:
There should not be any yuddha(war), peace and happiness must prevail all the time, with this intention the city was named Ayodhya.
The scions of Suryavamsha built such a kingdom it became Ayodhya- one which can not be defeated- in other sense.
In his upanyasa on Sri Rama, Raghaveshwara Bharathi Sri, explains a beautiful interpretation,
A (Vishnu)+ya (Brahma)+ u(Shiva)+ dhya(dhyana)
It is such a holy place even the Trimurti were taking its name as Dhyana.
Ayodhya’s administration had a sound structure with Eight scholarly ministers and Two seers guiding the ruler as Mahapurohita.
Its greatness is such that, the first two sargas of Ramayana end with description of Ayodhya.
‘Ayodhya Mathura Maya Kashi Kanchi Avantika |
Puri Dwarakavati chaiva saptaide moksha dayika ||’
Our culture mentions seven places as the holiest and just changing name will take us in path of mukthi. And,
Ayodhya is the first name mentioned in the list. Skanda Purana says, Ayodhya is in a shape if a fish and it is considered as the Sheersha(head) of Sri Vishnu.
Ayodhya was ruled by Magnificient Kings like Ikshvaku, Sagara, Dilipa, Mandhata, Bhagiratha, Harishchandra, Raghu, Aja, Dasharatha and Bhagawan Sri Rama was the 64th in this lineage.
Ayodhya is not only of Sri Rama:
Bhagiratha brought Gange to the Bhoomi from Devaloka, the efforts and dedication to cause is even today called ‘Bhagiratha Prayatna’, Harishchandra is ‘Truth’ personified, led life as a Chandala, lost his son, his kingdom but never left the path of Satya. Raghu was such a great ruler after his time the entire dynasty came to be known as ‘Raghu Vamsha’ he had outshined his ancestor Ikshvaku.
- Among the 24 Thirthankaras of Jainism, 22 beloned to Sooryavamsha.
- Buddhism has it’s roots dwelling deep in Ayodhya. Bhagawan Buddha observed 16 chaturmasas here.
- A great Sanskrit scholar and a noted Buddhist poet ‘Ashwaghosha’ was from Ayodhya. His ‘Buddha charita’ and ‘Soundaraananda’ speaks of Ayodhya.
- Guru Nanak Saheb attained his enlightment in Ayodhya and a Gurudwara and a Brahmakund stands proof to his association with this city.
The glory of Ayodhya can be understood by a quotation in ‘Krishnayajurveda’,
“Ashta chakra Nava dwara devaanaam puraayodhyaa ……………….. |
- Thaittereya aranyaka 1-27-115
The city of Ayodhya resembles that of a Devaloka where gods reside. There are eight Sudarshana Chakras beneath this land and the city has nine entrances. The city which has been encircled by the Sarayu, whose water is just like Amritha. There is golden palace right at the centre of the city. This city can not be breached, can not be conquered because Bhagawan Vishnu himself as Sri Rama is ruling this kingdom.
What is the connection of this land with every Indian?
Our ancestors had always referred our country as mother, they loved respected this land as ‘Mathrubhoomi’. One may not hail from Ayodhya but for every Indian Ayodhya is part of his mother.
Angirasa Muni says,
“mataa bhumihi putroham pruthivyaah |”
This land is my mother and I am her son.
It is the same thing which Rama himself told Lakshmana, when the latter asked, why don’t they remain in Lanka and rule from there. They had to leave Ayodhya for no mistake of theirs, Rama answers,
“Api swarnamayi Lanka na me Lakshmana rochate |
Janani Janmabhoomishcha swargadapi gariyasi ||”
Lakshmana, Lanka might be made of gold, but nothing can surpass the greatness of one’s mother and motherland.
How can any child tolerate separation from his or her’s mother !!!!! How can any child tolerate if someone claims that her mother is a figment of imagination???!!!!
Ayodhya is not just a mandir-masjid dispute, it is not even just a Ramajanmabhoomi, yes ofcourse we celebrate it for being birth place of Rama but it is not limited to it’s association with Rama. It has become one with every beat of heart or every breath of a Bharathiya.
Yes one may ask,
Where is this great city now? Why is not in it’s previous glory?
As time passed with the Buddhism in forefront the capital city was shifted to Shravasthi from Ayodhya and slowly Ayodhya started losing it’s lusture. But history stands proof,
‘Whenever Ayodhya started to wither there came great personalities who stood by the culture and replenished it to it’s past glory’
Ayodhya is in expectation of same now also.
Son of Ghandarvasena, Vikramadithya took a task to restore Ayodhya, from Yudhistira Shaka 2426 to 2432, he worked tirelessly for six continuous years and the great of city of Ayodhya stood re established in all it’s glory.
Hundred years later, Jayachandra of Kanauj did the same as Vikramadithya.
If anyone argues Rama, Ayodhya and Ramayana to be the imagination of a poet, just keep this one point in mind,
It was Vaanaras and Jambavantha who showed devotion to SriRama without ever questioning his might. It is in very nature of human beings to question and find fault, be like Hanumantha, devote yourself and all answer will just like in front of your eyes!
Dr Sindhu Prashanth