Nature has always been a mystery. However advance we grew in Science, few mysterious of nature still remains unexplained. Scientists have not been able to understand the behaviour of nature completely.
Evolution is one such concept which took different twists and turns before we arrived at a conclusion and believed the Darwin’s theory of evolution was right. Development from singlecellular to multicellular organisms has taken million of years and the strongest organisms which could adapt to the change in the environment ultimately survived and continue to exist. It is believed that the evolution of humans happened around 5.6 to 7.5 Billion years ago. Over the years, explorers have tried to understand the early humans, their life style and compared their intelligence with the present day modern humans to understand how evolution had played crucial role in shaping any living organisms.
Few years back, the explorers had discovered traces of lost cities submerged deep in waters that once stood witness to legendary epics like the Mahabharata. They had found the lost cities of atlantis and Dwaraka which have a great history behind them. But recently it is said the scientists were able to find the evidence of a huge land mass submerged towards the south of what is today’s Indian peninsula. This place was called the kumari Kandam. This region extended from Kanyakumari in the North, to the far west as Madagascar and nearing the East Coast of Australia.
According to western studies, it was said that the first ever human beings evolved in Africa and later migrated into different parts of the worlds. Eventually this theory stood unquestioned as most of us believe that westerns are always right. But there were lot of studies conducted in India as well, these studies showed that Africa was not the first place where the Humans evolved.
According to a study conducted by A R Vasudevan, he proposed that the first existence of human race was seen in the Kumari Kandam, which he called the Kumari model. According to vasudevan, the Humans first originated in a continent called the kumari Kandam which was a continent in the India Ocean and the land was known as Kumari land. The Kumari land was claimed by the sea around 14,000 year ago and the area was so vast that it connected India to Africa and extending southwards into the Antarctic.
A R Vasudevan in his book, ‘Aryans: Who are they?’ ascertains that the evolved species of humans migrated from Kumari land into other places taking two routes, one West into Africa and East into India. And those who kept travelling towards the west, settled in Europe and rest of western countries. He claimed that the Indian origin of Europeans, in turn lend the credence for the Kumari model, citing significant proofs. The same concept was also explained by Genographic Project by National Geographic, to understand how genes moved around the world, which further supported the Kumari model. This lost land according to Vasudevan, was called Kumari or the Lemuria continent.
During the last leg of the Ice age, the temperature of the Earth is said to have increased which led to the meltdown of huge mountains and snowy lands increasing the water level many times. According to Oceanographic Researchers, the water levels in the Indian ocean is said to have increased over 100 meters in past 14,500 years which might have submerged the entire continent.
Mr Vasudevan quotes three major episodes of sea level fluctuations, which further resulted in the submergence of Kumari Kandam. Huge land masses around 7000 miles from the tip of Kanyakumari which resulted in splitting Kumari Kandam into 49 territories. But just after years, the entire kumara kandam was submerged in the Indian Ocean.
The first evidence of existence of a larger continent in the Indian Ocean surfaced when English geologist Philip Sclater found remains of lemur fossils in Madagascar and India but not in mainland Africa, and the Middle East. In his book ‘The Mammals of Madagascar’, 1864 described that Madagascar and India were both part of a larger continent in the Indian Ocean and named the missing land as ‘Lemuria’.
Finally the theory was proved and the scientific community of that period that lemurs could have migrated from Madagascar to India or vice versa in ancient times.