For over 200 years, India was ruled by British who literally destroyed our country in the name of westernization. During the period 1700 AD India was considered a very rich country both in terms of wealth and knowledge. Even after 1000 years of constant attack on India by the Islam invaders, India remained a strong Nation with huge potential to overcome any damage.
Numerous stories, literature were written by travelers who visited India during 1600-1800 AD describing the beautiful culture, tradition, knowledge and enormous wealth India possessed. It was very evident during the Vijayanagar Empire in the South India which was referred to as the Golden age of India, until 1600 AD when the Mughals attacked and destroyed the entire city of Vijayanagar. It is well known fact that one of the main reasons that foreigners like Portuguese, French, British invaded India was to loot the immense wealth India possessed.
British were intelligent enough to understand that the strength of India lies in the culture and spiritual heritage. Thomas Babington Macaulay who is famously called Lord Macaulay, was a British politician, who is known for introduction of English and western culture in the Indian education system. He was one person who mainly targeted the Indian education system and wanted to replace it with the British system. He very well knew that the values and traditions in India was very strong and people would never accept British system of living. He believed that the only way to attack India was through mental infiltration.
In the year 1980, Macaulay was elected to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom as a member of the reformist Whig party. Four years later Macaulay was named as an inaugural member of a governing Supreme Council of India. The next four year Macaulay spent in India and devoted his entire time to establish an education system based on British model. After spending four years in India, Macaulay realized that India unlike other countries did not believe in superficial practices, but the values and tradition were deep rooted and connected with soul. After he returned to Britain in the year 1835, he had given a speech in the British Parliament which became the most historic speech on the strategy to attack India.
In his speech he said “I have traveled across the length and breadth of India and I have not seen one person who is a beggar, who is a thief. Such wealth I have seen in this country, such high moral values, people of such calibre, that I do not think we would ever conquer this country, unless we break the very backbone of this nation, which is her spiritual and cultural heritage, and, therefore, I propose that we replace her old and ancient education system, her culture, for if the Indians think that all that is foreign and English is good and greater than their own, they will lose their self-esteem, their native self-culture and they will become what we want them, a truly dominated nation.”
In his speech, he had particularly quoted that the only way to break India was to break the backbone of the Nation which is the spiritual and cultural heritage. So they mainly wanted to replace the ancient education system with the British system and introduce English as a superior language in India.
Our culture and traditional values were taught to be inferior and degraded in the modern education system. People following them were ridiculed and called medieval. From 200 years, our children were taught to hate our culture and accept that British system was far more superior and advanced than the Indian system. People were mislead that Indian traditions and practices were superstitious and needed to be abolished.
The same trend was continued even after Independence and the Congress government was happy to concede that British were superior than Indians. Jawaharlal Nehru who had himself declared he was an Englishmen by Education and an accidental Hindu tried his best to disconnect the traditional values with the young generation.
Kapil Kapoor of Jawaharlal Nehru University in the year 2001, had delivered a speech on “Decolonizing English Education” had declared that one of the byproducts of mainstream English language education in India today has been its tendency to “marginalize inherited learning” and to have uprooted academics from traditional Indian modes of thought, inducing in them “a spirit of self-denigration.
Author Rajiv Malhotra has bemoaned the “continuation of the policy on Indian education started by the famous Lord Macaulay over 150 years ago” for the virtual banishment of classic Indian literature from the country’s higher academic institutions and the emergence of a “new breed” of writers professing a “uniquely Indian Eurocentrism.
The former President of India Dr A P J Abdul Kalam also had said that the British had destroyed the Indian values by attacking the education system in India.
However many even today try to mislead people saying that Macaulay never made the speech in the Parliament ridiculing Indian education system but had helped Indians to adapt new methods. There were many FAKE articles published by left and Congress supporters saying that Macaulay’s speech was a myth created by few who hated British. If one can think logically they will understand that British did not come here to bring development, but they came to loot the country. Its common sense to understand that no foreign ruler would not want other countries to prosper and do not spend 200 years to make other country developed!
One can imagine how the British were successful in attacking India mentally more than physically which destroyed the generation for 200 years and still continues to destroy!
Aishwarya S **