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Opinion

It was Maharana Pratap, not Akbar, who won the Battle of Haldighati; Rajasthan Government rewrites history!

We have a long going demand of amending the written history of India as there is a growing resentment among the people that our Historians have distorted the History. It is also said that our Historians were biased and Pseudo Seculars and they made huge changes in history to make their masters happy.

However it seems the current governments have started a process to make some credible changes in the written history.The Rajasthan Board of Secondary Education has approved a change in the history section of the Class X social science books. The revised History books will now teach students that it was Maharana Pratap, who conclusively defeated Mughal emperor Akbar in the 16th-century’s famous Battle of Haldighati.

Until now, students in Rajasthan and elsewhere learnt that the Battle of Haldighati, which took place on June 18, 1576, was inconclusive, or many historians weigh heavily in favor of Akbar. However, the rewritten history now says that that the battle did not end in a truce and that it was Maharana Pratap, along with his army, who valiantly fought to protect his motherland Mewar.

It was Maharana Pratap’s army, which fought a heroic battle and forced Akbar’s army to retreat from the battlefield, history books in Rajasthan schools will now teach this new history.

Rajasthan Minister of State for primary and secondary education Vasudev Devnani said that the history being taught in the state’s schools so far was incorrect and biased. With this change in the Class X history books, the aberration has now been fixed, Devnani said.

The education minister went on raising a question as why Mughal emperor Akbar would launch six consecutive attacks on Maharana Pratap’s army after the Battle of Haldighati if he was the victor of the original fight. Akbar kept attacking Maharana Pratap because each time he would lose to the latter, Devnani added.

Vasundhara Raje Government, when it came into power, had ordered a chapter titled ‘Akbar Mahan’ (Akbar the Great) removed from syllabus. The education minister had then questioned the need to have such a chapter in schools’ history books, asking why Akbar was great. Why not Maharana Pratap?

A Professor Chandrasekhar Sharma published a finding arguing that the Rajput and conclusively won the Battle of Haldighati. His findings were based on land records from the 16th century saying for a year after the June 18, 1576 battle, Maharana Pratap distributed land in villages near Haldighati by handing out land rights inscribed on copper plates that has the signature of the Diwan of Eklingnath.

Sharma went on to argue that back then, only the king of a province was allowed to distribute tracts of land and so, this was proof that Maharana Pratap was indeed the victor of the Battle of Haldighati.

Dr Sharma also argued that following the Battle of Haldighati, two Mughal generals, Man Singh and Asif Khan, were forbidden from entering Emperor Akbar’s Darbar. It was an evidence that t Akbar punished the two trusted generals, and it also proves that Mughals had lost the Battle of Haldighati.

Sharma’s research was brought to the attention of the Rajasthan education ministry by Mohanlal Gupta, a BJP MLA from Kishanpole who asked that the state’s history books be accordingly changed. The University of Rajasthan too debated Sharma’s research and finding merit in them changed its curriculum. The university’s history department also made an important change; the label for the 1200-1700 AD period has been changed from Struggling India to Golden Era of India.


Manish Sharma

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