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Opinion

Why the Mughals didn’t dare to touch Tirupati Temple, even though they plundered every other temples of India?

Muslim invaders invaded most of the Hindu temples in North India as well as in South India too. But, they did not touch Tirupathi Tirumala temple itseems. Because history never heard of any attack on Tirupathi Tirumala!

There are two narratives! Two legends!

All legends might not be true, but it definitely reflects on some truths hidden beyond the history.

In the Srirangam temple chronicles, the KoyilOluku, the story opens during the fourteenth-century invasion of South India by the forces of the Delhi Sultanate. The Turk’s army plundered the Srirangam treasury and has taken away the main processional idol of the temple, “AlakiyamanavalaPermal (Handsome Bridegroom)” and the Sultan had locked-up every idol in his palace.

And, then the elders of Srirangam begin their journey to Delhi to see their Divine God. Meanwhile, the Sultan’s daughter discovered this idol of Vishnu and she has taken it to her room to play!

The women of Tirupathi, however, gained entry into the princess’s room and she has found that “the Vishnu, playing with the princess during the day in the form of an icon, and at night in his full splendour as a human incarnation” (HariRao 196l:26)

The miracle of Sri Rangam!

The visitors informed the Sultan that it is now kept in the princess’s bedroom. The Sultan did not allow them to enter her room. Instead, he challenged the devotees, “You yourselves will have to call back your god”. The Sultan had challenged to test the Hindu’s claim that their idols are in fact living divinities. The devotee had sung an invocation of Vishnu. From the “Harem”, Handsome Bridegroom heard the call and put the princess to sleep and came out to rejoin the devotees!

The Sultan was too amazed and he had allowed the Vaishnavas to depart with their treasured Icon back to Tirupathi.

When the princess had found that her idol has taken away from her, she has fallen sick. Seeing his daughter’s condition, the Sultan sent some people with the princess to capture the Vaishnavas and to get back the idol. Realising it, Tirupathi elders closed the door of the Temple and hidden the idol somewhere in a hill with three Brahmanas.

When princess had seen the locked gate, she suffers more with agony and dies there in the temple.

And, it was believed that her Soul started to desire for her “Vishnu” and stayed there forever!

And, after this incident, Delhi Sultan had ordered not to invade this temple and then, No Mughals ever dared to touch the temple!

The second narrative tells that the Mughals were afraid of one poet!

During the period of Sultan Abdullah Qutub Shah of Golokonda, Mughals invaded the Tirupathi region.

It is believed that an anonymous Telugu poet, eye-witnessed the tribulations, hardships, brutalities, a murder of men, women, children, who underwent at the hands of the Wazirs and the cavalry of Sultan Abdullah Qutub Shah of Golkonda.

The poem is titled as “Venkatachala-Vihara-Satakamu”, a centum of Telugu verses. And, there he mentioned that, “”How can I utter the “kartaru-Mantra” of the Muslims, giving up

the “Gayatri Mantra” and ” remain sinfully with the bare face devoid of the greetings”. “How can I adore the PenugondaBabu (meaning the Nawab), discontinuing my prayers to you, the father of this entire universe”.

He continued, “Arrogantly I have called you a coward, but you are the supreme warrior; the ever-solicitous protector of devotees, appearing powerless but really the all-pervasive universal power of different forms inheriting even in the smallest atom and the pores of hair, seemingly inactive but one who can be most decisive. In my distressed mood, I blamed you only to exhort you for the good of the world to destroy the assailing Muslims, I repent for my thousand offenses”

The Mughals might have been invaded the Tirupathi area between 1656 – 1668 when the East India Company sent an order to the Golkanda Viceroy at Tirupati. And, then Hindus paid “Jizya” tax to save their Mandir!

The protector – The Varaha!

It is believed that the invading of Muslim army was “put-off” by the presence of “Varaha” idol at the foot hills and the Varaha incarnated there to stop the Muslim invaders!

Finding impossibility of attacking from the foot hills, Mughals returned and camped at the Chandragiri Fort in order to attack the shrine from the Chandragiri forest side. But, then also, they could not invade Tirupathi Temple by any means.

It is believed that the name of one hill “Alipiri” was derived from the word “Ali-Piri” that means “Ali returned from here).

Also, the authorities of temple saved the temple from these attacks through their intelligence!

Mughals have read the Puranas!

Yes! “They took a clue from the legend of BhagawanBalaji in which He takes a loan from Kubera for his marriage to Sri Padmavati, and added their own version that the Bhagawan had undertaken to pay Kubera the interest amount, through the kings who hold sway over this part of the country and through levy of fees on devotees. This appears to have then resulted in an average annual income of two lakhs of rupees to the shrine.”

The worshippers contributed tons of Gold and Money to save their Temple! The Sultans of Golconda and the Nawabs of Karnataka had framed entire Tirupathi and started to get annual income from it. They could not afford to lose such a fruitful source of revenue by interfering with the worship at the shrine.

So, these two legendary stories made the history pages of Tirupathi temple so bright, interesting and unbelievable for some!


Tapaswi**

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