Recent surgical strikes carried out by our brave army men brought a sense of honor in every Indian’s mind. In some cities, restaurants and even small tea stalls offered a discount to their customers for few days to celebrate this brave act. It was necessary to teach a lesson to our notorious neighbor who spends its taxpayer’s money on ISI for terror activities.
But, if you look at our army’s history, you would be amazed, especially, after looking at details about our military’s most daring act. Let’s take a look at few aspects from this historic chapter that India and Bangladesh should feel be proud about.
Indian Army freed Bangladesh (East Pakistan) from bloody clutches of Pakistan
In 1971, Pakistani journalist Anthony Mascarenhas was taken to the East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) by Pakistani military officials to show how they are playing an important role in developing the eastern part. What Anthony Mascarenhas saw in East Pakistan was nothing less than horrific. He saw that military officials were carrying out atrocities, innocent men and children were tortured, women were raped. (This is what they are doing in Balochistan currently)
Anthony Mascarenhas created a report and got that published in Britain’s Sunday Times on June 13, 1971. This report exposed the reality of East Pakistan in front of the world. But the information was perhaps nothing surprising for India as incoming refugees from East Bengal often narrated horrific stories of torture.
People living in the eastern part had adapted Bangla as their mother tongue, while those in the west used Urdu. Both were known as Pakistan, but there was a huge difference in the way people lived in the two parts. People from West Pakistan dominated the bureaucracy, army, and overall government machinery. Bangla speaking population was treated like slaves. Slowly, people from East Pakistan started protesting against this inequality and torture.
Pakistan launched its “Operation Search Light” to curb protesters in the east. More than thirty lakh people were killed by the Pakistani Army as part of this operation.
On the other hand, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman had triggered a movement against West Pakistan’s atrocities in the east. On March 25, 1971, Pakistani Army started another operation in East Pakistan and murdered several Bengali civilians. Streets turned red, no one was spared, not even kids. More than 300 people were killed in this attack. Buildings were damaged; houses were burned according to foreign journalists.
To escape the genocide, people from East Pakistan started entering India via West Bengal, Assam, Tripura, and other areas as refugees. The then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had two difficult tasks to take care of. First, she had to make sure that the affected states do not witness communal tension and the second challenge was to arrange food and shelter for the refugees. This was difficult because India was also going through financial crisis.
Indian Army’s Most Bravery Act
After winning elections in 1971, during one of her speeches, Indira Gandhi pointed out that helping the refugees is not enough, and everyone must work towards sorting out issues in East Pakistan.
On April 25, 1971, Indira Gandhi called a cabinet meeting, and everyone was surprised to see Army Chief General Sam Manekshaw in this meeting along with ministers. Believe it or not, but this was the time when Indian Army got instructions and green signal to get ready for its most daring act, perhaps, till date.
Indira Gandhi shared all the letters received from WB, Assam, and Tripura with cabinet colleagues as well as the Army Chief in order to highlight how these states are facing challenges due to incoming refugees.
“I want our army to enter East Pakistan. I don’t mind if it means war,”-said Mrs. Gandhi to the Army Chief. In his own style, Manekshaw explained that our armed forces had limited resources; it needed certain time frame and strategy to achieve success in this mission. Indira Gandhi allowed Manekshaw to take necessary steps to start the war and rescue East Pakistan from the clutches of West Pakistan.
Most of the Countries, except for USSR, were unwilling to support India. Mrs. Gandhi was under pressure because of lack of support and constant threats from the notorious neighbor.
In May 1971, Army Chief Manekshaw took the first step towards force’s most daring act. He instructed the General Officer Commanding, Eastern Command, to select and train people from East Bengal so that they can participate in the liberation movement. Their aim was to train these people so that they can get back to East Bengal and fight against the Pakistani Army. Besides military training, the army also provided arms to them. Recruitment and training started in May 1971. Reports suggest that around 20,000 individuals including people from Mukti Bahini as well as civilians were trained under this operation every month.
Pakistan tasted dust because of its hatred against India
After the end of Monsoon season, Pakistan changed its strategy and started attacking India from West. On December 3, 1971, their air force attacked eleven of India’s air force bases and started cross-border firing as well. This triggered the India-Pakistan War of 1971 that lasted for thirteen days. The world knows the result.
IAF took charge of East Pakistan skies; on the other hand, India’s marine warfare also made life miserable for Pakistani soldiers. INS Vikrant’s Sea Hawks destroyed Pakistani Navy’s Eastern Wing. Attacks from Mukti Bahini on camps within East Bengal and Indian Army’s attacks at various parts of its border ruined Pakistani forces. Thus, Pakistani soldiers were stranded and forced to surrender.
On December 16, 1971, Pakistan’s Lieutenant-General Niazi signed the Instrument of Surrender and surrendered to Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Aurora. The name-East Pakistan was erased from the world map and Bangladesh was born.
Accepting the challenge with limited resources and brilliantly executing the plan created by Army Chief General Sam Manekshaw still remains our military’s most daring act.
Thankfully, Barkha Dutt, Mitali Saran, Rajdeep Sardesai & his wife, Mahesh Bhatt, JNU gang, Digvijaya Singh, and the current bunch of libtards were not present during those days to question Mrs. Gandhi. Kejriwal would have definitely asked Indira Gandhi and our military to show detailed video for all the operations carried out to free East Pakistan. Prime Minister Modi handles all the above in a democratic manner, perhaps, Mrs. Gandhi would have taken a different approach.
“All those who act notoriously, act against democratically elected representatives, and obstruct government’s work deserve to be in jail,”-said Indira Gandhi in one of her interviews given to a British journalist.
Congress party is not willing to give credit to PM Modi for his role in approving surgical strikes. But, the same party accepts that PM Indira Gandhi played a key role in supporting our military in its most brave act. The party has conveniently forgotten its rich past, perhaps, because it needs to put all its attention on scams that tumble out of the closet after every now and then.
It’s sad to see that world’s fourth best army is questioned by a bunch of leaders who probably won’t be able to live in freezing temperatures for more than few minutes.