For over 800 years, Nalanda University was on of the best university in the world. Students from across the globe came here to study in one of the greatest libraries in the world. The university was well-known for its rich knowledge. It was spread over three buildings and they named as, “Rathnasagara. Rathnadadhi and Rathnaranjaka.” And, the special quality of those three buildings were stories embedded in it.
Nalanda University was not only devoted to Hindus, but also trained students in fine arts, medicine, mathematics , astronomy, politics and the art of war.
The entrance procedures of nalanda university was very difficult and the students must have pass three levels of test to prove their ability. The unmatched discipline and rules were considered necessary. Few documents proved that the great astronomer and mathematician Aryabhatt was the head of the university.
The glory of Nalanda University was upheld by the scholars and teachers from different places of the world. It’s believed that the teachers and scholars from Korea, Japan, Persia, Tibet, China, Greece and Greater Iran. The notable scholars who studied in there were Harshavardhana, Vasubandhu, Dharmapal, Suvinshu, Asanga, Dharmakirti, Shantarakhsita, Nagarjuna, Aryadeva, Padmasambhava, Xuanzang and Hwui Li.
The university accommodated over 10,000 students and 2000 teachers and considered as an architectural masterpiece, and was marked by a tall wall and a strong gate.
The fall of nalanda university started with the Mughal invaders! According to the records, Nalanda University was destroyed three times by invaders, but rebuilt only twice. The first destruction was done by the Huns under Mihirakula during the reign of Skandagupta (455 – 467AD). But, Skanda’s successors restored the library and improved it with an even bigger building.
The Gaudas, in early 7th century, destroyed the University and the Buddist King Harshavardhana (606-648AD) restored the university.
The third and most destructive attack was done by Muslim army led by the Turkish leader Bhaktiyar Khilji in 1193! It is believed that the Hinduism as a major religion in India had a setback for hundreds of years due to the destruction nd the loss of the religious texts during the attack. And, then the Nalanda University has not been restored until the recent developments.
The reason behind his destruction!
As per the historic documents, Bhaktiyar Khilji had fallen sick and doctors in his court had failed to cure him and suggested him to take a help of the doctors from Nalanda.
During that period, Rahul Sri Bhadra, the principal of Nalanda University, was famous for his contributions to the medical field.
Khilji was too proud of his religion and refused to get a treatement from a Kafir (Non-Believer of God). But, he left with no other options, but to call Bhadra when his condition got worsen.
But, Khilji challenged Bhadra to cure him without any medicines. Then, Bhadra asked Khilji to read some pages which belonged to the ancient Sanskrith era in a regards to cure and to everyone’s surpsrise Khilji was cured.
Disturbed by the fact that an Indian Scholar knows more than the doctors of his court, he decided to occupy the University, But, when University Scholars denied the actions of Khilji, he started to destroy entire University, root of knowledge, Ayurveda, Hindu Scriptures from the Country. He had set fire to the great library of Nalanda and burnt down nearly 9 million manuscripts.
The fire he had set took three months to destroy entire University. The Turkish invaders also murdered and burtnt monks and scholars of the University.
And, the present day…..
The parliament had decided to build an University with the memory of Nalanda. The act also passed in order to fund for educational values and now, Nalanda reminds of the atrocities done in the past.
We lost very precious knowledge of Ancient India and it’s not a great surprise when every Mughal emperor did the same as a part of invading. The non-sense beliefs of Quran caused millions of deaths as well as destructions of crores of temples, scriptures.