Opinion

Real History of Tamils; How the facts were twisted by historians

For a long time now the ‘Aryan-Dravidian’ myth has been propagated by opportunistic politicians, in South India in general and Tamil Nadu in particular, under the guise of ‘Dravidian movement’. A sustained effort is being made to show that ‘Dravidians’ are different from other Indians and as some sort of oppressed people. Dravidian politicians have accused Aryans, whom they consider to be outsiders, of trying to impose the Vedic culture on them the original inhabitants of the land (the indigenous people). A lot of facts have been neglected, omitted, overlooked and generally twisted out of context so as to serve the narrow agenda of these vested interests. ‘Divide and Rule’ is the one legacy started by the British and adopted and amply propagated by Indian politicians. It’ll be easier to call out the bluff of Dravidianists if we dig a little deeper into the facts.

A glance at the earliest recorded Tamil Era, that is the Sangam Age, will give us a fair idea why Dravidianists are wrong and how Vedic Aryans and so called Dravidians belong to the same native land called ‘Bharatvarsha’. There are a lot of things that unites the two. Sangam Age coins and seals attest the fact that rulers were in fact followers of Vedic religion. Purananuru and Pathitrupathu are a collection of poetic odes to the kings and times of Sangam Age. They tell us a lot about the kind of rituals people followed back then. These texts mention how kings paid homage to their Vedic Brahmin Gurus. A poem from Ainkurunuru talks about a festival dedicated to Lord Indra, who it may be recalled is a Vedic deity. There have been mentions of other Vedic Gods like Varuna in the famous Tamil work Tolkappiam. Kings who have performed Vedic rituals like Rajasuya Yagna have added the same to their titles. All these belie the claim of Dravidianists that the people in the Southern part of the country had nothing to do with the Vedic religion. On the contrary, right from the kings to the locals, ancient Tamils have been staunch followers of Vedic Dharma.

Skanda or Kartikeya, known as Murugan in Tamil, is one of the most revered deities of the Tamil people since times immemorial. The Tamil poetic work Paripadal states that the birth place of Shri Murugan is the Himalayas. This should lay to rest all doubts regarding the falsehoods being propagated. Not just texts and poetic works but archaeological evidences too point out towards the same culture extending from the Himalayas to Kanyakumari. Presence of Northern Black Polished Ware (NBPW) in Tamizhagam (Tamil lands) during the Sangam Age has been established. This was basically a material culture of Janapadas along the River Ganga or the Gangetic belt. This is itself is proof that the same material culture was adopted by people of Bharatvarsha. Excavations have also pointed out at the presence of ‘Vedic’ symbols in the coins issued by Southern rulers such as the Pandyas, Cholas and Cheras among others.

Tamil poems of the Sangam Age talk about Bharatvarsha being a unified entity. Moreover a glance at the conquests of rulers of the most important Southern dynasties would put to rest all false claims of the lands south of Saptagiri Hills to Kanyakumari being ‘Dravida’ lands. Rajendra Chola I is said to have waged battles and conquered lands right up to River Ganga which is why he took on the title ‘Gangaikonda Cholan’. Similarly, Chera king Senguttavan is believed to have washed the idol of Kannagi in the waters of the holy Ganga. Even Kharavela’s, the king of Kalinga, Hathigumpa inscription attests the fact that Tamil kingdoms were among those conquered by him during his conquests.

All of these evidences falsify the claims made by Dravidianists disconnecting South from North. Instead evidences point towards Dharmic, cultural and religious unity of the two since more than 2500 years. It is amply clear that ancient Tamils were Vedic Hindus contrary to all the claims being made by selfish politicians to keep people divided.


Latha Iyer

Tags