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Subhas Chandra Bose, Not Gandhi, Ended British Rule In India:- Ambedkar.

“Bose, Not Gandhi, Ended British Rule In India: Ambedkar”.

While this is spot on, we don’t need Ambedkar to tell us this and we can check in the history books for ourselves.

Gandhi launched his Satyagraha and then we had the Purna Swaraj declaration in 1930 and the Quit India movement in 1942. What was the effect? It hardly created a ripple for the British Empire and Winston Churchill (British Prime Minister from 1940-45) has gone on record many times saying that he would never ever give Independence to India.

In a no-holds-barred interview with BBC’s Francis Watson in February 1955, Babasaheb elucidated the reason why the British left India in 1947.

“I don’t know how Mr Attlee suddenly agreed to give India independence,” wondered Ambedkar, recalling then British Prime Minister’s decision to agree to the transfer of power in 1947. “That is a secret that he will disclose in his autobiography. None expected that he would do that,” he added.

Ambedkar continued:

“The national army that was raised by Subhas Chandra Bose. The British had been ruling the country in the firm belief that whatever may happen in the country or whatever the politicians do, they will never be able to change the loyalty of soldiers. That was one prop on which they were carrying on the administration. And that was completely dashed to pieces. They found that soldiers could be seduced to form a party — a battalion to blow off the British.”

(He talks about Bose and INA 09:40 onwards.)

India was the crown jewel and many officials had made it clear that they would never leave India. They were happy with Gandhi’s non-violence and happy to make him an icon without giving him any concrete assurances of Independence.

However the Bose affair did leave them quite rattled. The Indian National Army was no small unit and boasted of more than 40,000 soldiers. They were adept in guerrilla warfare and any empire is always wary of such a threat.

They took part in battles in India and Burma and when they were defeated, the British heaved a huge sigh of relief. However they decided to totally crush the INA and that backfired bigtime. In the 1945 Red Fort trials, INA officers like Major General Shah Nawaz Khan(Muslim), Colonel Prem Sahgal(Hindu) and Colonel Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon(Sikh) were court-martialled.

While Nehru was busy “defending” the three; he (Nehru), Gandhi, Mohd. Ali Jinnah, and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad had come to a secret pact that if Subhash Bose was to enter India (as many knew he hadn’t died in 1945), he would be handed over and charged.

Despite Gandhi being in charge of India’s freedom struggle and Bose going missing, there was a great wave of sympathy in India for the INA officers. This culminated in the infamous Bombay Mutiny.

Sailors from the Royal Indian Navy in Bombay went on strike in February 1946 protesting the INA trials. To make matters worse, the mutiny spread to Calcutta and Karachi. In all more than 20,000 sailors from close to 80 ships participated in the mutiny.

The British panicked and used the British Royal Navy to counter-attack leaving 7 dead. However this scarred the psyche of the British Empire and they knew that there was no way in which they could take on the combined might of the Indian defence forces if all of them decided to revolt.

The popular ground report was that the British could no longer hold on to India and Clement Attlee (who had succeeded Churchill as PM) concurred.

While the INA trials finally concluded in May 1946, the British decided to make a run for it. In fact they were just out of India in 14 months. This sudden capitulation took everyone by surprise but followers of Bose always maintained that it was because of him.

In fact recently one of Netaji’s relatives said on TV that Lord Mountbatten admitted in a personal interview that the abrupt departure of the British was because of Netaji. It is also to be noted that there was no leader of Bombay Mutiny and in fact it was condemned soundly by Gandhi!

Sir Norman Smith, Director, Intelligence Bureau, noted in a secret report of November 1945:

“The situation in respect of the Indian National Army is one which warrants disquiet. There has seldom been a matter which has attracted so much Indian public interest and, it is safe to say, sympathy… the threat to the security of the Indian Army is one which it would be unwise to ignore.”

Lt General SK Sinha, former Governor of Jammu & Kashmir and Assam, one of the only three Indian officers posted in the Directorate of Military Operations in New Delhi in 1946, made this observation in 1976. “There was considerable sympathy for the INA within the Army… It is true that fears of another 1857 had begun to haunt the British in 1946.”

Agreeing with this contention were a number of British MPs who met British Prime Minister Clement Attlee in February 1946. “There are two alternative ways of meeting this common desire (a) that we should arrange to get out, (b) that we should wait to be driven out. In regard to (b), the loyalty of the Indian Army is open to question; the INA have become national heroes…”

Real Reason for Independence

So what were the three things which convinced the British that India could not be governed by force anymore?

Subhash Bose, Indian National Army and the Royal Navy Uprising..

When Justice P.B. Chakrabarty, the Chief Justice of Calcutta High Court once asked the British PM Lord Clement Atlee – responsible for conceding India’s Independence, the all important question –

“what was the extent of Gandhi’s influence upon the British decision to quit India”

His response, with a smirk: “m-i-n-i-m-a-l!“

So, then why did they have to leave if the Quit India movement of 1942 had subsided and nothing major happened in the mainstream politics – then why did the British have to leave so suddenly in 1947??

Clement Atlee’s response:

Erosion of loyalty to the British Crown among the Indian army and navy personnel as a result of the military activities of Netaji

Such was the Congress party scared of the truth coming out that as late as 1965, a theater actor and writer Utpal Dutt was arrested for writing a passionate play, on the VERY event that ensured India its Independence – the Royal Navy Uprising!

“Kallol” (Sound of Waves) by Utpal Dutt that also got him arrested, is an important chapter of Indian Freedom that is never mentioned in any official History book.

EDIT: People requesting for “more proofs” are requested to contact GOI for all the files available on the topic. I encourage you to verify all the information at your own will. Furthermore, you can also read the research materials by Anuj Dhar and or Major General GD Bakshi.

This is a recent historical fact and there is no lack of books available on the topic.

Footnotes

[1] Bose, Not Gandhi, Ended British Rule In India: Ambedkar

[2] Netaji, not Gandhi got India Freedom, Claims GD Bakshi’s Book

[3] Yes Bose, not Gandhi, gave us freedom!

[4] How India got its Independence – The Real Story

Mrityunjoy Samajpati

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