Culture

The temples in India which were destructed to build mosques!

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A trailer was released by Maulana Abdul Hai (Indian Express, Feb 5, 1989) where he mentioned how temples were converted into mosques in secular India. It was just a trailer on how Medieval Muslim Historians, Foreign travellers and Archaeological Survey of India made these lies into truth. When people spoke of this truth, seculars came out shouting not to break India’s integrity in the names of temples and mosques. A salute to these seculars. Marxist politicians contributed to this heavily. They never wanted Hindus to know how their faith was attacked.

Whenever anyone tried to bring out the truth, few Muslim politicians and scholars showed their dislike. Later even others supported them and the matter was buried. And the people who tried to get out the truth were labelled as communal.

What does study of inscriptions say?

There are many mosques in India which were built by destroying Hindu temples. Destroying Hindu temples was a passion for many Muslim invaders who came to our country and ruined our great culture. The following inscriptions are been selected to show that the destruction of Hindu temples continued throughout the period of Muslim domination throughout the nation by all Muslim rulers. These have been published by the Archaelogical Survey of India in its EpigraphiaIndica-Arabic and Persian Supplement, an annual which appeared first in 1907-08 as Epigraphia Indo-Moslemica.

  1. Quwwat al-Islam Masjid, QutubMinar, Delhi:

This fort was conquered and the Jami masjid built in the year 587 by the Amir, the slave of the Sultan, may Allah strengthen his helpers. The materials of 27 idol temples, on each of which 2,000,000 Delhiwals had been spent were used in the (construction of ) the mosque”. (1909-10, Pp 3-4)

The Amir was Qutbud-Din Aibak, slave of Muizzud-Din Muhammad Ghori. The year 587 H. corresponds to 1992 A.D. Delhiwal was a high-denominator coin current at that time in Delhi.

  1. Masjid at Manvi in the raichur District of Karnataka:

“Praise be to Allah by the decree of the Parvardigar, a mosque has been converted out of a temple as a sign of religion in the reign of the Sultan who is the asylum of Faith.”

Firuz Shah Bahmani who is the cause of exuberant spring in the garden of religion. (1962, Pp.56-57). The inscription mentions the year 1404-07 A.D. as the time of construction.

  1. Jami Masjid at Malan, palanpurtaluka, banaskantha District of Gujarat:

“The Jami Masjid was built by Khan-I-Azam Ulugh Khan who suppressed the wretched infidels. He eradicated the idolatrous houses and mine of infidelity, along with the idols with the edge of the sword, and made ready this edifice. He made its walls and doors out of the idols; the back of every stone became a place for prostration of the believer. The date of construction is mentioned as 1462 A.D. in the reign of Mahmud Shah 1 Begada) of Gujarat.

 4. Hammam Darwaza Masjid at Jaunpur in Uttar Pradesh:

“Thanks that by the guidance of the Everlasting and the Living (Allah), this house of infidelity became the niche of prayer. As areward for that, the Generous Lord constructed an abode for the builder in paradise: (1969, p.375)

Its chronogram yields the year 1567 A.D. in the reign of Akbar, the Great Mughal. A local historian, Fashid-Din, tells us that the temple had been built earlier by DiwanLachhman Das, an official of the Mughal  government.

  1. Ami Masjid at ghoda in the Poona District of Maharashtra:

“O Allah! O Muhammad! O Ali! When Mir Muhammad Zaman made up his mind, he opened the door of prosperity on himself by his own hand. He demolished thirty-three idol temples(and) by divine grace laid the foundation of a building in this abode of perdition.” (1933-34, p.24).

The inscription is dated 1586 A.D. when the Poona region was ruled by the NizamShahi Sultans of Ahmadnagar.

  1. Gachinala Masjid at Cumbum in the Kurnool District of Andhra Pradesh:

“He is Allah, may he be glorified.” During the august rule of Muhammad Shah, there was a well- established idol-house in Kuhmum. Muhammad Salih who proposes in the rectitude of the affairs of Faith, razed to the rectitude of the affairs of faith, razed to the ground, the edifice of idol-house and broke the idols in a manly fashion. He constructed on its site a suitable mosque, towering above the buildings of all. (1959-60, Pp.64-66).

The date of construction is mentioned as 1729-30 A.D. in the reign of the Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah.

It is clear that Temples are demolished and Mosques and Idgahs were raised. The temple materials were also used in many of their monuments. These monuments were projected as their symbol of love and so on. Many of these temples materials are been used in Maqbaras, Sufi Khanqahs, madrasas etc.

Literary Evidence:

 From the 5th decade of the 7th century to the late eighteenth century several Hindu temples were demolished. From Transoxiana in the north to Tamil nadu in South and from Afghanistan in the west to Assam in the east.

But in the recent times the Archaeologists have provided several proofs which say that all Indian origin religions like Buddhist, Jain, Saiva, Shakta, Vaishnava etc. had to face the wrath of Muslim invaders.

We can see how all the medieval historians twisted the history by crediting the Muslim rulers as the builders of monuments. They smartly covered their destruction of Hindu temples. Now let us see how brutal mind set was of these invaders:

  • The idols found in the temples were vandalised, burnt into ashes if they were made of expensive metals.
  • The wonderful sculptures on the walls of Hindu temples were destroyed, disfigured and destroyed into several pieces.
  • Idols of stone or expensive metals were taken away by cartloads to dump front of main mosque of Mecca, Medina,and Baghdad and so on.
  • Some idols were even used in construction of toilets. Few were handed over to butchers to use as weights while selling meat.
  • Sacred vessels and scriptures were damaged and burnt.
  • Mosques were raised on the destroyed temple site with minor alterations.
  • Brahmin priests were tortured and murdered who were found in the temples by these cruel invaders.
  • Cows were slaughtered in the temple so that Hindu’s won’t use it again.

The sources like epigraphic says that these brutal rulers were levitating in happiness by doing these barbaric deeds.

Let us focus on few citations from Amir Khusru. Khusru served as a court-poet of Sultans at Delhi and wrote a Masnavi in praise of Jalalud-Din Firuz, Alaud-Din Khalji. He was the dearest disciple of Shaikh Nizamud-Din Awliya.

Dr. R C Majumdar, who is called as a communal historian by Marxist call Khusru as a liberal Muslim and mentions the below points.

  • Jhain: “Next morning he (Jalalud-Din) went again to the temples and ordered their destruction.” While the soldiers sought every opportunity of plundering, the Shah was engaged in burning the temples and destroying the idols. There were two bronze idols of Brahma, each of which weighed more than a thousand mans. These were broken into pieces and the fragments were distributed among the officers, with orders to throw them down at the gates of themasjid on their return(to Delhi).(Miftah-ul-Futuah).
  • Devagiri: “He (Alaud-Din) destroyed the temples of the idolaters and erected pulpits and arches for mosques” (Ibid.).
  • Somanath: “They made the temple prostrate itself towards the Kaaba. You may say that the temple first offered its prayers and then had a bath(i.e. the temples was made to topple and fall into the sea).”

He (Ulugh Khan) destroyed all the idols and temples, but sent one idol, the biggest of all idols, to the court of his Godlike majesty and on that account in that ancient stronghold of idolatry, the summons to prayers was proclaimed so loudly that they heard it in Misr (Egypt) and Madain(Iraq) (Tarikh-i-Alai).

  • Delhi: ‘He (Alaud-Din) ordered the circumference of the new minar to be made double of the old one (QutubMinar).”

The stones were dug out from the hills and the temples of the infidels were demolished to furnish a supply. (Ibid.)

Readers may find it extremely disturbing to know how the Islamic invaders destroyed our temples and killed its followers in millions. Then how would the people who witnessed with barbarism would feel.

Source: Sanskriti Magazine


Vikrant Raj**

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