What is Varna System, Why Was it Introduced???

It is common knowledge these days that SQ-Spiritual Quotient, IQ-Intelligence Quotient, and EQ-Emotional Quotient are used to measure spirituality, emotions, and aptitude in an individual. However, there is another quotient that was discovered by Indians before thousands of years.  This one helps an individual to understand oneself on the basis of logical and simple factors.  Yes, this is about Varna Quotient.

Not just Indian Society, but almost every society has divisions, sub-divisions, and categories that divide people. Those who have in debt knowledge about Indian Society and its past would agree that our society has a strong system of classification called Varna system.

Varna is mentioned in Dharma-Sastras, Mahabharata, Buddhist texts, Jaina texts, in Sikh texts, and other religious texts as well.

Under this system, people are categorized on the basis of their behavior and innate tendencies. Four important categories under VQ are hands-on workers, the profit-minded, the leaders, and thinkers.

  • Leaders (Kshatriyas)

When it comes to providing leadership, only an individual with commanding personality can prove to be suitable for the position. People who wish to govern and lead the masses with their skills can prove to be good leaders for the society. They can become police officers, defense personal or lawyers to give justice to the society.

  • Workers (Shudras)

Workers can be tagged as a backbone for any society. People in this group are capable of performing hard work. Thus, they work more. People who do menial jobs, unskilled workers and grass root workers belong to this category.

  • Profit Minded ones (Vaishyas)

Profit-minded individuals are those who know how to double up their investment. Such people can become entrepreneurs, industrialists, or work as part of the top management in corporate companies. Such people understand profit and loss very well, so, they prove to be great businessmen.

  • Thinkers’ category (Braahmanas)

Name is self-explanatory, this group consists of scholars, intellectually driven contemplative individuals who are mostly involved in the study and research work. Such individuals provide roadmaps, guidance, and education to the people in the society. R&D fellows, teachers, philosophers, and scientists belong in this category.

Very basic and logical

VQ has nothing to do with caste based categorization. People are categorized on the basis of their mental temperaments (karma and Gunas) and not by birth. Chapter 18 verse – 41 from the Bhagavad Gita clearly mentions the same.

For example, a leader’s son may not prove to be a good leader but can become a good thinker, worker, or profit-minded businessman. Another popular example is that of Raavana. He was born in a Braahamana (Thinkers) family, but his conduct was evil and completely opposite to what Thinkers do. Remember, people from all these groups play an important role in the functioning of society.

Vedanta expert-Swami Chinmayananda suggests that people show their gunas and Swabhaava (nature) while they interact with others and perform activities in the society. These factors must be considered while giving duties and responsibilities to individuals.

People must be judged on the basis of inner personality and the way he or she behaves in the society. They should not be judges on the basis of the color of hair and skin.

Thanks to our leftist and Nehruvian historians, there remains a lot of confusion even about VQ. Some historians claim that Dalits were not included and categorized under VQ. But, there are those who counter this argument as well. Anyway, our society would definitely benefit a lot if everyone starts looking at VQ while categorizing people.

Nitten Gokhaley


Related Articles