A Historic deal signed by Japan on Civil Nuclear Cooperation deal with India, thereby opening doors & windows for Industries from both the countries. Japan signs non-military Accord with India. The two Asian countries have agreed to deal that will japans advanced nuclear Technology into India for peaceful purposes. It’s a surprise for all the critics as they are of the view that Japan has come out of its seclusion of its principles by signing this deal with India. By Signing this agreement, which is a civilian Nuclear agreement with India on Friday, allowing the East Asian Country to supply its advanced nuclear technology to its south Asian ally. The pact forbids that India use the resources to produce nuclear weapons. This is for the first-time Japan has agreed to contribute to the nuclear energy industry of any country that has not signed Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). The Indo-Japanese deal is a significant step away from Japans symbolic role as an advocate of Nuclear Disarmament. Main aim of this accord is to promote the use of nuclear energy in a peaceful manner while stemming the use of production of nuclear arms.
The Japanese-Indian deal is a significant step towards Indo -Japanese strengthening of cultural ties too. By signing this agreement with Japan, India now hopes to utilise this accord for its growing Population. India has refused to sign NPT on this very grounds that the Treaty’s definition of states who are allowed to build nuclear weapons discriminates against India. The definition in the Treaty is restricted to those states who tested Nuclear weapons before 1967.India tested its first bomb in 1974.
Indo –Japanese deal signed – Is it A Risky Venture?
The leaders of the two Nations signed a civilian Nuclear cooperation, allowing exports of crucial Japanese technology to fuel India’s growing economy. There are concerns still raised for India’s Non-Proliferation status. This nuclear deal has been under discussion for more than six years, and today it has reached its final stage wherein PM Shinzo Abe of Japan & his counterpart from India PMNarendra Modi in Tokyo on Friday. This deal also marks Japans First Nuclear cooperation agreement with a country that has not signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation treaty (NPT).
What is Non-Proliferation Treaty?
The NPT is an International treaty meant to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons &Arms technologies, while promoting the use of Nuclear energy in a peaceful manner. India refuses to sign it saying it is very discriminatory in nature, because it defines Nuclear -weapons states as those states that tested nuclear devices before 1967.The deal signed between Asia’s second & third largest economies has been stated as a measure to build mutual confidence & strategic partnership for the cause of a peaceful & secured world.
What are the Mutual Benefits of this deal?
It will be beneficial for both the Asian Economies. India will utilise Emission – free energy, whereas for Japan it opens new business opportunities for its nuclear Sector.Japans cutting Edge Technology is considered crucial for India’s Huge Economic Growth. Japan has a monopoly in the manufacturing of reactor safety components &Power plant domes—key components that Indiawants or its Nuclear cooperation programs with the US & other countries. The deal will also strengthen japans struggling nuclear Industry which will give more access to the growing Indian Markets which is estimated to be worth $150 billion. This will help Japanese to revive its Nuclear industry after it suffered greatly from fukushima nuclear accident. India’s similar civil nuclear deals with US & South Korea have improved bilateral relations tremendously, given by Smruti Patnaik a research fellow at the New-Delhi based Institute for Defense Studies & Analysis.
The Connection between Economics & Disarmament—
There are concerns for both the Asian economies about the deal, with India due to our Nuclear program. But now Japanese government has toned down for the sake of Economic benefits. The deal grants the same rights de-facto to India as other nuclear powers that have signed the NPT.This shift of approach started way back in 2008, when the Nuclear suppliers group (NSG) granted a waiver to New Delhi to push Civil nuclear agreement with Washington. NSG – a48 -nation grouping that includes the US, Russia, Britain, France &Japan—controls the export of technology & materials to prevent nuclear proliferation. India has been given an important status, by doing this Japan has become flexible on its stand on the NPT, Underline Kawasaki.
There are Ifs & Buts, but amidst all these confusions the deal has been signed, firstly there is a question Whether India will be able to reprocess the nuclear fuel. To ensure this does not happen in futureIndiamust give legally- binding assurances to the NSG& allow the tracking of nuclear material program.
Secondly what if India carries out additional Nuclear tests. The Japanese newspaper Yomiuri Shinbun reported on Sunday November 5th that japan will halt cooperation with New Delhi if the south Asian country conducts Nuclear tests. The opt-out clause will not be included in the agreement itself, but in a separate memorandum. Experts also clearly say that China’s rising power is forcing India & Japan to forge closer ties. Lastly, the question of Liability in the case of an accident at a Japanese supported nuclear plant remains unsolved.
Many experts feel that India has already signed similar nuclear agreements with NSG members. Many experts feel that India conducting of Atomic test are very slim in nature. For India, there is no need to to increase its nuclear arsenal as it has a stable deterrent put in place.
India’s economy grows at a rate of about 6% per annum. But its ailing energy infrastructure inhibits economic development. Large areas of the country suffer from regular blackouts & obsolete infrastructure. Unlike china, India’s renewable energy sector needs to be massively expanded. But the country’s political elite are convinced that India must exhibit all possibilities of electricity. Therefore, Delhi, is planning a far -reaching expansion of Nuclear power. PM Narendra Modi wants to build dozens of new reactors in the next 15 years.
Thus, by signing an accord with Japan on nuclear deal for our country’s growth, Our PM Modi has succeeded in his efforts towards developmental agendas of clean energy
India Vikas Ki Aur
DR Sukanya Iyer