He was the youngest freedom fighter who laid his life for the Freedom of India: Shaheed Khudiram Bose

Centuries may pass but the Indians are still indebted to the sacrifices of this teenager. This young man was a nightmare to the British. That is why, even though the law didn’t permit him to hang, the British breached the law and gave him a death sentence. Today on his day of martyrdom, let us know of this great freedom fighter.

He was born on 3 December 1889, in the village of Mohoboni at Keshpur Block in Paschim Midnapore district of West Bengal. Right from his young age, his eyes said that he will be the greatest pillar to for the future of India.

Dare-devil has got another name and it is Khudiram Bose

He was well aware that India will attain Independence from the brutality of the British only if they opt revolutionary path. Bose joined a newly formed “akhra” or club created and patronised by some people who were active in the socio-political sphere. In no time Khudiram become a cynosure of everybody’s eyes in that group for his unbounded enthusiasm for social service, his adventurous spirit and leadership qualities, and his excellence in physical culture and training.

The act of Bravery; Plan to eliminate the British Officer

Kingsford had become unpopular for passing harsh and cruel sentences on young political workers when he was a Chief Magistrate of Calcutta Presidency. He was also noted for inflicting corporal punishments on such workers. So to put an end to this, revolutionaries decided to eliminate him.

Kudiram was sent to Muzaffarpur in Bihar to closely observe the daily routine, activities and movements of his target, Kingsford, taking note of his timings at the court, the club and his house.

Finally, he decided to put an end to Kingsford on the evening of 30 April 1908. At around 8:30 PM he stood in front of the gate of the European Club and waited for Kingsford’s carriage to arrive. When the carriage came out, Khudiram acted quickly, holding his pistols in one hand as back-up and throwing his bomb with the other. The bomb hit its target successfully and the carriage blew up. However, the carriage was occupied not by Kingsford but instead by the wife and daughter of barrister Pringle Kennedy, a leading pleader of Muzaffarpur Bar.

After this, Bose escaped but was captured and was put behind the bars. The historical trial started on 21 May 1908. The case came to the doorsteps of High court after sessions court gave the verdict. Narendrakumar Basu came to Khudiram’s defense, and concentrated all his legal skills and experience to save the life of Khudiram Bose. He challenged the verdict of the session court by saying that the judging was not according to law and was flawed.

Later the two British judges announced that the final verdict will be passed on the 13th of July.

But on a historical day, the British judges, representing an entire colonial government who had already made decided what to do, allowed a farce of a trial to go on for several hours. In the end, turning a blind eye to their own law, they passed the sentence that they had decided on before that day started. Finally, he was rewarded with a death sentence.

On 11 August, the region around the prison became packed with a swelling crowd before it was 6 am—the scheduled time. The location was filled with people holding garlands in their hand for this brave teenager who was going to sacrifice his life to our nation.

Khudiram’s End: Died cheerful and smiling”. This was reported in all major newspapers the next day. He didn’t fear to death till his last breath.

Jai Hind!!!

Nishika Ram**